UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (30-11-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 30-11-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 30-11-2019

UPSC exam current affairs 30-11-2019- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Vulture conservation centre in U.P.

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 30-11-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (30-11-2019)

Vulture conservation centre in U.P.

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Environment Conservation

In News

  • In a significant advance to monitor the jeopardized vulture populace, the Uttar Pradesh government will set up state’s first vulture preservation and reproducing focus in Maharajganj region.
  • The new focus would be set up in a relationship with Bombay Natural History Society, an untamed life look into the association.
  • It will be the principal logical focal point of vultures in the state to discover which species are generally undermined and the areas where these characteristic foragers are flourishing.
  • It will be set up on the lines of Jatayu Conservation Breeding Center at Pinjore in Haryana, which is additionally the first in the nation.
  • The Indian vulture (Gyps indicus) found in India, Pakistan and Nepal has been recorded as fundamentally imperilled on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List since 2002
  • The number of inhabitants in three types of jeopardized occupant Gyps vultures in India – white-upheld vulture, since quite a while ago charged vulture and the slim charged vulture is 6,000, 12,000 and 1,000, individually


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I – Social Issues

In News

  • UNICEF has propelled ‘YuWaah’ Generation Unlimited in India on 1.11.2019.
  • It is a multi-partner coalition which means to encourage youth to increase pertinent aptitudes for gainful lives and the fate of work.
  • The objective age gathering of YuWaah incorporates immature young ladies and young men.
  • It’s key strategies to elevate access to fundamental, transferable and 21st-century abilities for youth inside and outside proper training frameworks, which incorporates characterizing central aptitudes, fundamental abilities and adaptable learning and distinguishing and scaling significant conveyance models.
  • YuWaah expects to make stages to manage youth to showcase openings (profession direction, mentorship, entry-level positions, apprenticeships) and encourage a mix of vocation direction in-school training.

Chagos Islands

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – International Affairs

In News

  • Mauritius considered the UK an “illicit pilgrim occupier” after the UK overlooked an UN-ordered cutoff time to restore the Chagos Islands, a little archipelago in the Indian Ocean, to Mauritius.
  • Mauritius has contended that the Chagos Islands has been a piece of its domain since at any rate the eighteenth century.
  • The UK split the archipelago away from Mauritius in 1965 and the islands of Aldabra, Farquhar, and Desroches from Seychelles in the area to frame British Indian Ocean Territory.
  • After Mauritius picked up freedom from the UK in 1968, the United Kingdom wouldn’t restore the Chagos Islands to Mauritius.
  • The UK guaranteed in petitions submitted to the Permanent Court of Arbitration(at The Hague) that Chagos island was required to “suit the United States’ longing to utilize certain islands in the Indian Ocean for resistance purposes”.
  • The biggest island on the Chagos Islands archipelago, Diego Garcia, is the place the US and the UK work an enormous army installation and was additionally utilized as a US Army installation for the US-drove assaults against Afghanistan and Iraq during the 2000s.
  • In June 2017, at the UN General Assembly, 94 nations cast a ballot on the side of Mauritius’ goals to look for a warning feeling on the lawful status of the Chagos Islands from the International Court of Justice in The Hague.
  • In February 2019, the UN’s most noteworthy official courtroom, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), requested the UK to restore the Chagos Islands to Mauritius “as quickly as would be prudent.
  • For the time being, the UK may conceivably be scanning for consolation in the way that the ICJ administering isn’t authoritative and no prompt authorizations or unfavourable moves will be made against it.


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – International Affairs

In News

  • The Global Migration Report 2020 was as of late discharged by the UN-subsidiary International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  • Of the 272 universal transients around the world (3.5% of the worldwide populace), India represents the most noteworthy offer with 17.5 million Indians living outside the nation. India is trailed by Mexico (11.8 million) and China (10.7 million).
  • Around 66% of global vagrants are work transients.
  • India is the main beneficiary of settlements. Global settlements in 2018 (2020 report) came to $689 billion, out of which India got $78.6 million from the 17.5 million living abroad. India is as of now followed by China ($67.4 billion) and Mexico ($35.7 billion).
  • The top relocation halls for Indians are the United Arab Emirates, the US and Saudi Arabia.
  • The most noteworthy number of transients entering India originate from Bangladesh.
  • The top goals for universal transients are the USA followed by Germany, Saudi Arabia, the Russian Federation and the UK



  • Udham Singh, conceived in Sunam in Punjab’s Sangrur locale in 1899, was a political dissident who got related with the Ghadar Party while in the US.
  • In 1934, Singh advanced toward London to kill Michael O’Dwyer, who in 1919 had been the Lieutenant Governor of Punjab and obviously, Singh considered O’Dwyer to be liable for the slaughter.
  • Rather than Dyer, who educated his men to start shooting at the group accumulated in JallianwalaBagh, O’Dwyer is viewed as the real culprit, since Dyer couldn’t have executed it without his authorization.
  • On March 13, 1940, Singh shot O’Dwyer at a gathering of the East India Association and the Royal Central Asian Society at Caxton Hill. Singh was quickly captured.
  • At the court he alluded to himself as Mohamed Singh Azad, to symbolize Hindu-Sikh-Muslim solidarity in the battle for India’s opportunity. He was held tight July 31, 1940, at Pentonville Prison.
  • For avenging the JallianwalaBagh slaughter, Singh is seen by some as a saint.
  • Gandhi had broadly denounced Singh’s retribution as a “demonstration of craziness”.
  • In 2018 his statue was introduced at JallianwalaBagh during Baisakhi.
  • Udham Singh Nagar locale in Uttarakhand is named after the political dissident.



TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Indian Economy and issues identifying with arranging, preparation of assets, development, improvement and business

India’s first-ever slowdown


  • Since Independence, there have been at any rate eight scenes of critical GDP development rate decreases more than two years or more — 1961-62 and 1962-63, 1965-66 and 1966-67, 1971-72 and 1972-73, 1984-85 to 1987-88, 1990-91 to 1992-93, 2000-01 to 2002-03, 2012-13 and 2013-14, and the present one from 2018-19.
  • Total national output (GDP) became 5% in the main quarter of FY20, information discharged by the administration appeared, denoting the slowest development since the final quarter of FY13. Gross domestic product development was 8% in the year-sooner quarter and 5.8% in the previous one.
  • China’s economy became 6.2% in the June quarter.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th November 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 30th November 2019


  • The specialized term for the equivalent is development downturn.
  • A downturn is characterized in financial matters as three back to back quarters of constriction in GDP. Be that as it may, since India is an enormous creating economy, withdrawal is an irregularity.
  • The last occurrence of negative development for India was in 1979.
  • A development downturn is progressively ordinary where the economy keeps on developing yet at a more slow pace than expected for a supported period, what India has been confronting these days.


  • The development of the Indian economy had been prevailed by utilization comprehensive of both — Private Final Consumption Expenditure (PFCE) just as the Government Final Consumption Expenditure (GFCE).
  • The ongoing sharp fall in PFCE in the June quarter to 3.1 percent contrasted with 7.2 percent in the March quarter has altogether added to the ongoing log jam.


  • A significant segment of India’s GDP is the venture, instigated by both — private and government segments. It has been a key driver of development since the progression of 1991, fell by 6.2 rate focuses on 2014-19 than in 2011-14.


  • Incompletely determined by household issues like dismissed ranchers.
  • Debilitating worldwide economy.
  • Mr Trump’s fusillade of exchange clashes.
  • A weekend ago’s assault on two Saudi Arabia’s oil offices, which sent the worldwide cost of oil taking off, underscored exactly how helpless India and other creating nations are to outer factors outside their ability to control.
  • The shade of awful bank credits, combined with ongoing defaults by nonbank money related firms, has controlled loaning to shoppers and organizations.
  • Strategy choices by India’s focal and state governments have intensified the nation’s downturn

For instance Automakers: New security and discharges measures expanded the expense of vehicles, nine states raised charges on vehicle deals, and the banks and money organizations that store sellers and 80 percent of buyer vehicle buys were incapacitated by the credit crunch.

  • The material business, which utilizes around 45 million individuals and is India’s second-biggest manager after horticulture, is symbolic of the nation’s trouble.


  • The lull in the economy is likewise expected to antagonistically influence salary development which, thus, would additionally imprint utilization request. An ideal low base impact, be that as it may, would be seen second from last quarter onwards, which will help push the feature development number higher.

Connecting the dots:

  • Not at all like all the previous downturns whose antecedents/triggers were supply-side requirements in nourishment and forex, macroeconomic hastiness or outside stuns, what we are currently encountering is to a greater extent a “western-style” lull exacerbated by inward arrangement misfortunes. Dissect


TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Preservation, natural contamination and corruption, ecological effect evaluation


  • The Climate Conference COP25 is the real Conference of the Parties to the UN Convention on Climate Change, UNFCCC, which is entrusted with ensuring that the Convention, (and now the 2015 Paris Agreement, which reinforces the Convention), is being executed.

Climate change:

  • The world is as of now 1.1°C hotter than it was at the beginning of the mechanical transformation, and it is as of now significantly affecting the world, and on individuals’ lives.
  • Worldwide temperatures can be relied upon to ascend by 3.4 to 3.9°C this century, which would bring wide-going and ruinous atmosphere impacts.

Evidence of the impacts of climate change

  • As indicated by the 2019 WMO levels of warmth catching ozone harming substances in the climate have arrived at another new record high.
  • This proceeding with long haul pattern implies that people in the future will be stood up to with progressively serious effects of environmental change, including rising temperatures, increasingly extraordinary climate, water pressure, ocean level ascent and interruption to marine and land biological systems.)
  • The UN Environment Program (UNEP) 2019 Emissions Gap Report, that ozone harming substance emanations decreases of 7.6 percent every year from 2020 to 2030 are expected to meet the globally concurred objective of a 1.5°C increment in temperatures over pre-modern levels.

September climate change summit:

  • Concentrating on the atmosphere crisis and the earnest need to essentially scale up activity.
  • Pioneers, from numerous nations and segments, ventured up.
  • In excess of seventy nations resolved to net-zero carbon outflows by 2050.
  • Little island states together dedicated to accomplish carbon lack of bias and to move to 100 percent sustainable power source by 2030.
  • Nations from Pakistan to Guatemala, Colombia to Nigeria, New Zealand to Barbados promised to plant in excess of 11 billion trees.
  • Nations from Pakistan to Guatemala, Colombia to Nigeria, New Zealand to Barbados promised to plant in excess of 11 billion trees.
  • In excess of 100 pioneers in the private segment focused on quickening the green economy.
  • A gathering of the world’s biggest resource proprietors, controlling $2 trillion, swore to move to carbon-impartial venture portfolios by 2050.

Importance of COP:

  • UNFCCC had non-restricting cutoff points on ozone harming substance discharges for singular nations, and no implementation system, different augmentations to this bargain were haggled during ongoing COPs, including most as of late the Paris Agreement, received in 2015, in which all nations consented to increase determination to constrain an unnatural weather change to 1.5°C above pre-mechanical temperatures and lift atmosphere activity financing.
  • COP25 is the last COP before we enter the characterizing year of 2020 when numerous countries must submit new atmosphere activity plans. Among the numerous components that should be resolved is the financing of atmosphere activity around the world.
  • Right now, insufficient is being done to meet the three-atmosphere objectives: decreasing emanations 45 percent by 2030; accomplishing atmosphere lack of bias by 2050 (which implies a net-zero carbon impression), and settling worldwide temperature ascend at 1.5°C before the century’s over.


  • A progression of reports from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and different offices have been emphasizing during that time that except if nations scale up their activities fundamentally, there is little any expectation of keeping normal worldwide temperatures inside 2ºC higher than pre-modern patterns.
  • Since the clock is ticking on environmental change, the world can’t stand to burn through additional time, and a striking, unequivocal, goal-oriented route forward should have concurred.

Connecting the dots:

  • The world as of now suffers perilous impacts of an unnatural weather change through bigger and all the more dominant tempests, dry spells and flooding


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Yuwaah Initiative

  1. The aim of the initiative to facilitate youth to gain relevant skills for productive lives and the future of work
  2. It is launched by World Bank in collaboration with NITI Aayog

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre is located in which State/Union Territory of India?

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Bihar
  3. Haryana
  4. Andaman & Nicobar Islands

Q.3) Global Migration Report is released by which organisation/body?

  1. World Economic Forum
  2. World Bank
  3. International Organization for Migration (IOM)
  4. None of the above

Q.4) Chagos island often seen in news is located in which water body?

  1. Mediterranean Sea
  2. Pacific Ocean
  3. Indian Ocean
  4. Atlantic Ocean

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