UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (25-09-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 25-09-2019

Highlights|UPSC Exam Current Affairs 25-09-2019

Current Affairs and News (25-09-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Dadasaheb Phalke  Award
  • SASTRA Ramanujan prize  
  • Gandhi Solar Park
  • Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 25-09-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (25-09-2019)

Dadasaheb Phalke  Award

Part of: GS Prelims

In News

  • The nation’s most elevated film respect, the DadasahebPhalke grant, will be exhibited for this present year to Amitabh Bachchan
  • The honor comes in the year that imprints Mr. Bachchan’s brilliant celebration in film, who made his presentation in 1969
  • DadasahebPhalke (1870–1944), was an Indian producer who coordinated India’s first full-length include film, Raja Harishchandra (1913). He is viewed as “the dad of Indian film.”
  • Dadasaheb Phalke awardis given to individuals for their “extraordinary commitment to the development and advancement of Indian film”.
  • It is exhibited every year at the National Film Awards function by the Directorate of Film Festivals (an association set up by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting).
  • The honor prize comprises of a brilliant lotus, a money prize of ₹10 lakh and a shawl.
  • The honor was first exhibited in 1969. The primary beneficiary of the honor was entertainer Devika Rani, “the principal woman of Indian film.”

SASTRA Ramanujan prize 

Part of: GS Prelims

In News

  • The SASTRA Ramanujan prize for 2019 will be granted to mathematician Adam Harper, Assistant Professor with the University of Warwick, England.
  • The prize was organized in 2005 and is presented every year on mathematicians from over the world who are under 32 years old, working in a territory impacted by the virtuoso Srinivasa Ramanujan.
  • This prize is granted by SASTRA University on its grounds close Kumbakonam in Tamil Nadu, on Ramanujan’s introduction to the world commemoration, December 22.
  • The prize conveys a reference and an honor of $10,000
  • Past champs of Ramanuja grant, including Manjul Bhargava and AkshayVenkatesh, proceeded to win the Fields Medal (considered as mathematician’s Nobel Prize)
  • The Fields Medal is a prize granted to 2-4 mathematicians under 40 years old at the International Congress of the International Mathematical Union (IMU), a gathering that happens like clockwork.

Gandhi Solar Park

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II –International affairs

In News

  • PMModi alongside others world pioneers initiated the Gandhi Solar Park at the UN base camp on the event of Gandhi’s 150th birth commemoration.
  • The 50 kWh rooftop top sun based park having 195 sun based boards—each speaking to an individual from the multilateral body – was worked by India at an expense of US $1 million
  • The pioneers additionally propelled an UN postage stamp of Mahatma Gandhi, at the program ‘Importance of Mahatma Gandhi in the Contemporary World’ at the UN home office. 

Do you know?

  • India is the third biggest producer of ozone harming substances, after China and the US.
  • Coal power, dairy cattle and paddy are significant wellsprings of emanation, however per capita discharges (1.8 huge amounts of CO2) are approximately a seventh of the US and not exactly a large portion of the world normal (4.2 huge amounts of CO2)
  • India has swore for a 33-35% decrease in outflow power (emanations related with every unit of financial yield) by 2030, contrasted with 2005 levels.
  • India has set the objective of introducing 175 GW of sustainable power source constantly 2022, which incorporates 100 GW from sun oriented, 60 from wind and the rest from little hydro, and so forth.


Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Health

In News

  • In India’s urban zones, inherent contortions and hereditary issue are the third most regular reason for mortality in infants.
  • Association government has propelled UMMID (Unique Methods of Management and treatment of Inherited Disorders) activity to handle acquired hereditary sicknesses of infants.
  • The activity targets making mindfulness about hereditary issue among clinicians and build up sub-atomic diagnostics in emergency clinics so the advantages of advancements in therapeutic hereditary qualities could arrive at patients
  • UMMID activity includes
    • to set up NIDAN((National Inherited Diseases Administration) Kendras to give directing, pre-birth testing and conclusion, the board, and multidisciplinary care in Government Hospitals
    • to deliver talented clinicians in Human Genetics, and
    • to embrace screening of pregnant ladies and new conceived children for acquired hereditary infections in emergency clinics at optimistic areas.
  • The program actualized (by Department of Biotechnology) at government medical clinics will profit individuals who can’t bear the cost of costly care for hereditary issue.



TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • India and its neighborhood-relations.
  • Reciprocal, provincial and worldwide groupings and understandings including India or potentially influencing India’s inclinations



  • US President Donald Trump as of late said that the discussions with the Taliban planned for completion the 18-year war in Afghanistan are “dead”.


  • The Taliban allude to themselves as the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), are a Sunni Islamic fundamentalist political development and military association in Afghanistan at present taking up arms (a rebellion, or jihad) inside that nation.
  • From 1996 to 2001, the Taliban held control over about seventy five percent of Afghanistan, and authorized there a severe elucidation of Sharia, or Islamic law.
  • It held control of a large portion of the nation until being ousted after the American-drove intrusion of Afghanistan in December 2001 after the September 11 assaults.
  • The Taliban have been censured universally for the unforgiving requirement of their elucidation of Islamic Sharia law, which has brought about the fierce treatment of numerous Afghans, particularly ladies.
  • As indicated by the United Nations, the Taliban and their partners were liable for 76% of Afghan regular citizen losses
  • The Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence and military are generally claimed by the universal network and the Afghan government to have offered help to the Taliban.

Implications after the talk ended:

  • The Taliban has begun completing significant assaults with the American soldiers retaliating.
  • Mr. Ghani gets an opportunity to proceed as President without offering capacity to the Taliban(Which would have occurred if the arrangement were fruitful )
  • The Ghani government will be satisfied with the way that U.S. troops are probably going to proceed in the nation, for whenever left alone the legislature won’t endure long.
  • Indeed, even with an appropriately arranged arrangement, the rising of the Taliban in Afghanistan would have implied a specific measure of provincial vulnerability and geopolitical recalibration.
  • Presently that there is no arrangement between the Taliban and the U.S., there is probably going to be more brutality inside Afghanistan while the outer ramifications would be pretty much contained.

What it meant for India:

  • Pakistan, has been relying on the arrival of the Taliban in Afghanistan which it profoundly accepts gives it key profundity versus India.
  • A non-arranged withdrawal of U.S. powers would be the most dire outcome imaginable for India .It will improve Pakistan’s capacity to control components of the Taliban for strategic or key enemy of Indian employments.
  • When the Taliban comes back to control in Afghanistan, all alone or as a feature of a power-sharing game plan, Indian non military personnel resources and interests in Afghanistan could go under expanded weight.
  • Kashmir from multiple points of view will keep on being at the focal point of how the developing geopolitical circumstance in Afghanistan will affect India.(1980s jobless Afghan contenders turned up in Kashmir at the command of the Pakistani organizations)
  • The breakdown of the Trump-Taliban talks is advantage India since the arrangement would have prompted negative ramifications for India.

Did you know:

“In the event that a superpower like the U.S. can be pushed out of Afghanistan by the Taliban with assistance from Pakistan, would it be too hard to even think about beating India?” is the contention doing the rounds among segments of oppressed Kashmiri youth.

Way forward:

  • The U.S. also, the worldwide network, while getting the strings of arrangements in the not so distant future, should guarantee that there are sufficient ensures incorporated with an arrangement to disincentivise unwanted outer conduct by the Taliban.
  • India, on its part, needs to contact the Taliban, not to remember it yet to draw in with it, in its very own national intrigue. such an effort should be deliberately aligned and tactfully executed without making the officeholder govt miserable. 


It is maybe for the best that the U.S.- Taliban talks were canceled . It would have prompted a large number of noteworthy geopolitical changes with suggestions for the area and past.

Connecting the dots:

What suggestions does the wiping out of U.S.- Afghan talks have for the unpredictable South Asian locale all in all and for India specifically?


TOPIC:General Studies 3:

  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints

Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF)


National Academy of Agricultural Sciences, in view of a meeting to generate new ideas that included industry delegates, sent a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi restricting Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF). (one of the Agroecosystem)


  • Agroecology is the investigation of natural procedures applied to rural generation frameworks.
  • Agroecologists study an assortment of agroecosystems perceived around the world. The field of agroecology isn’t related with any one specific strategy for cultivating. Be that as it may, it shares significantly more for all intents and purpose with natural and coordinated cultivating.

Agroecology impacts:

  • upgrades rich scenes,
  • builds yields,
  • reestablishes soil wellbeing and biodiversity,
  • advances atmosphere flexibility and
  • Improves ranchers’ prosperity.

Its practices are upheld by numerous horticultural researchers, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), ranchers’ gatherings and a few NGOs.

Did you know:

  • ZBNF, created and advanced by agro-researcher Subhash Palekar, has been embraced by Andhra Pradesh.
  • Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is a lot of cultivating techniques, and furthermore a grassroots laborer development, which has spread to different states in India. It has accomplished wide achievement in southern India.

Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF) is a developing practice that takes confidence in standard improvement of harvests without including any composts and pesticides or some other foriegn segments.

  • The word Zero Budget alludes to the zero net expense of generation all things considered (bury crops, outskirt crops, multi crops).
  • The sources of info utilized for seed medicines and different inocluations are locally accessible as cowdung and dairy animals pee.
  • A ZBNF practicisng rancher has lower cost of information sources and in this manner has better ability to expand the earnings. Simultaneously, ZBNF crops helps in holding soil fertiliting and is environmental change versatile.

Agroecology as a substantial threat to the Powerful lobbies’ influence on farming systems . Why?

  • Cultivating in India and over the world is to a great extent under the influence of ground-breaking halls with personal stakes and associations with profound pockets. These incorporate non-renewable energy source, compost and seed organizations just as researchers with subsidizing associations with agribusiness
  • We in India by and by have an appropriation based horticultural framework where ranch inputs are immovably in the hands of partnerships and their tip top systems.
  • enormous scale changes to agroecology will be a generous danger to their impact on cultivating framework.

For instance:  

  • In Britain, when formal conferences were held in the mid 2000s to talk about hereditarily adjusted (GM) crops, organizations took steps to pull awards from researchers on the boards of trustees in the event that they casted a ballot against GM
  • At the point when singular researchers in Europe and the University of California distributed articles depicting how GM nourishments and harvests influenced the wellbeing of individuals and creepy crawlies unfavorably, they were by and by assaulted and attacked.

The present fight on ZBNF is between those effectively settled in and new voices of state and common society.

Did you know:

  • Because of modern cultivating, amicable creepy crawlies are never again part of the farming scene, water contamination is widespread, drained soils are ordinary and diving groundwater tables have become the standard.


  • Agroecology-based cultivating isn’t backward, yet rather an innovation of things to come with a conventional figure of speech.
  • In the event that policymakers disregard the posing and remain focussed on improving soil wellbeing and personal satisfaction for ranchers, while watching and supporting victories, ranchers may even twofold their salaries and India’s nourishment security could plant fresh starts.


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1)UMMID initiative is being implemented by which Union Ministry?

  1. Ministry of Health & Family Welfare
  2. Ministry of Minority affairs
  3. Ministry of Science & Technology
  4. None of the above

Q.2)Consider the following statements

  1. Dadasaheb Phalke award is given to people for their outstanding contribution to the growth and development of Indian cinema.
  2. The award first presented in 1951 is presented annually at the National Film Awards ceremony by the Directorate of Film Festivals 

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3)Consider the following statements

  1. India is the third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, after China and the US. 
  2. India’s per capita emission is double that of World’s average
  3. India has pledged for a 33-35% reduction in emission intensity by 2030, compared to 2005 levels

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2 and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.4)Consider the following statements about Shastra Ramanuja Prize

  1. The prize was instituted in 2005 and is conferred annually on mathematicians from across the world who are less than 32 years of age,working in an area influenced by the genius Srinivasa Ramanujan.
  2. This prize is awarded by Indian Statistical Institute on Ramanujan’s birth anniversary, December 22.
  3. Previous winners of Ramanuja award, including Manjul Bhargava and AkshayVenkatesh, went on to win the Fields Medal

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 only
  2. 2and 3 only
  3. 1 and 3 only
  4. 1,2 and 3

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