UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (07-12-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 07-12-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 07-12-2019

Current Affairs and News (07-12-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Fifteenth Finance Commission
  • India State Level Disease Burden Initiative (ISLDBI) 
  • Mission Parivar Vikas (MPV)
  • Train18
  • Blue Water Force
  • Palestine-India techno park
  • Creamy layer in SCs, STs 
  • Governor’s role during fractured verdicts

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (07-12-2019)

Fifteenth Finance Commission

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Polity

In News

  • The fifteenth Finance Commission presented its between time report on devolution recipe for the budgetary year 2020-21 to President Ram NathKovind.
  • The devolution recipe illuminates how the Center intends to share the duties gathered by it with the States.
  • Since, the recipe is to be applied in the new Budget, the honor has not been made open.
  • Presently, the report will initially be concentrated and afterward a last view will be taken by the Cabinet following which it will be postponed in Parliament just before the Union Budget one year from now. Simply after that will the substance be made open.
  • Regularly, the administration acknowledges the honor in all, be that as it may, it is allowed to acknowledge or dismiss different recommendations in the report.

Do You Know?

  • The Finance Commission was comprised by the President of India under Article 280 of the Constitution on 27th of November 2017 to make suggestions for a time of five years from first April 2020 to 31 March 2025.
  • In any case, the Gazette Notification dated 27 November 2019 ordered the Commission to present the report for the money related year 2020-21 by 30 November 2019 and afterward the last report for the period 1 April 2021 to 31 March 2026 by 30 October 2020.
  • This expansion has been required after Article 370 of the Constitution was corrected. Following this the State of Jammu and Kashmir was bifurcated into two Union Territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. Consequently, there was a need to change the terms of reference and augmentation of the term.
  • The last time a between time report was submitted was during the term of eleventh Finance Commission (2000-05), when the new States of Jharkhand, Uttarakhand and Chhattisgarh were made.

India State Level Disease Burden Initiative (ISLDBI) 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III –Health & Environment

In News

  • Association Environment Minister expressed in Lok Sabha that there were no Indian investigations that indicated an “immediate relationship” among contamination and mortality. Be that as it may, this is conversely with the report of ISLDBI which was financed by Union Health Ministry
  • India State-Level Disease Burden Initiative is an endeavor of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), the Public Health Foundation of India (PHFI) and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), in a joint effort with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

Some of the findings of ISLDBI 2018 report are:

  • India, with 18% of the total populace, has 26% of the worldwide unexpected losses and infection trouble because of air contamination.
  • One out of eight passings in India was inferable from air contamination in India in 2017.
  • Over portion of the passings because of air contamination were in people under 70 years old.
  • In 2017, 77% populace of India was presented to encompassing particulate issue PM2.5 over as far as possible by the National Ambient Air Quality Standards.
  • The handicap balanced life years (DALYs), inferable from air contamination in India in 2017 for major non-transferable infections were at any rate as high as those owing to tobacco use.
  • The normal future in India would have been 1.7 years higher had the air contamination levels been not exactly the negligible level causing wellbeing misfortune
  • The most elevated PM2.5 introduction level was in Delhi, trailed by the other north Indian States of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Haryana.

Mission Parivar Vikas (MPV)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II- Government Schemes

In News

  • Crucial Vikas (MPV) was propelled by Union Health Ministry in 145 high center locale having the most noteworthy all out richness rates(TFR) in the nation
  • These 145 regions are in the seven high center, high TFR conditions of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Assam that comprise 44% of the nation’s populace.
  • The primary goal of ‘Crucial Vikas’ will be to quicken access to excellent family arranging decisions dependent on data, solid administrations and supplies inside a rights-based system.
  • Information proposes that these 145 regions have TFR of more than/equivalent to 3.0 and are home to 28% of India’s populace (around 33 Crores).
  • The plan focuses on prompt, extraordinary and quickened endeavors to arrive at the substitution level ripeness objectives of 2.1 by 2025
  • These locale additionally substantially affect maternal and kid wellbeing pointers as around 25-30% of maternal passings and half of baby passings happen in these areas Moreover, 115 of these regions (79%) have high level of youthful moms.


Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Infrastructure

In News

  • One of the primary reasons the Indian Railways chose to stop the generation of Train18 rakes at the Integral Coach Factory (ICF) in Chennai is that oneself impelled train set is heavier and expends more force contrasted with Shatabdi Express on a similar course and speed
  • Train18 rakes, later propelled as Vande Bharat Express, are running effectively interfacing New Delhi with Varanasi and Katra, the Railway Ministry is taking a gander at a light weight form that could preserve power
  • Along these lines, the administration intends to drift worldwide tenders to acquire the train sets and not from the ICF that indigenously fabricated Train18 in a record year and a half.
  • All India Railwaymen Federation (AIRF) has expressed that the transition to end creation and buoy worldwide tenders to secure generation from outside players had hit the confidence of the gifted workforce in the ICF.

About Train 18

  • It is India’s first motor less train. It doesn’t have a train to pull the mentors, rather it is a self-pushed trainset.
  • The semi-rapid trainset can arrive at a most extreme speed of 200 km for every hour.
  • The 16-mentor trainset has world class enhancements, for example, on-board Wi-Fi to GPS-based traveler data framework, ‘contact free’ bio-vacuum toilets, LED lighting, versatile charging focuses and so forth.

Blue Water Force

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Security

In News

  • On December 4, Navy Day, the workplace of Defense Minister Rajnath Singh called Indian Navy is the Formidable Blue Water Force.
  • A Blue Water Navy is one that has the ability to extend itself over an a lot greater oceanic zone than its sea outskirts. Basically, it is a Navy that can go into the immense, profound seas of the world.
  • In any case, while most naval forces have the ability to send ships into the profound seas, a Blue Water Force can complete tasks a long way from its outskirts, without being required to come back to its home port to refuel or re-stock.
  • While it is apparent that Blue Water naval forces have a place with the most dominant countries, there is nobody globally settled upon definition. Owning at least one plane carrying warships is now and then observed as a marker.
  • Naval forces are grouped regarding hues. A naval force whose tasks are confined near the shore, where the water is sloppy, is known as a Brown Water Force. A naval force that can go more distant is known as a Green Water Force. And afterward there is a Blue Water Force.

Palestine-India techno park

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – International Relations

In News

  • India discharges one more tranche of assets worth $3 million, for the development of a Palestine-India Techno Park.
  • Altogether, India has made a dedication of contributing over $12 million, some portion of India’s more extensive structure of limit working in Palestine. The Indian government pays $3 million on a half-yearly premise.
  • When finished, the Technopark will fill in as an IT center point in Palestine with complete IT offices offering a one-stop answer for all IT-related help prerequisites, giving best in class innovation, facilitating IT organizations and outside organizations profiting neighborhood business, Universities and different establishments
  • The recreation center will be situated beside the Birzeit University Academic Campus situated in West Bank close Ramallah.
  • In 2017, the recreation center turned into an individual from the International Association of Science Parks and Areas of Innovation (IASP), a worldwide system of science and innovation parks.

India-Palestine Relationship

  • In 1974, India turned into the first non-Arab state to perceive the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as the sole real agent of the Palestinian individuals.
  • India kept up its help for the two-state arrangement and supported a “sovereign, free, joined together” Palestine with its capital in East Jerusalem.
  • In 1996, India opened its Representative Office to the State of Palestine in Gaza, which was moved to Ramallah in 2003.
  • In July 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi turned into the primary Indian Prime Minister to visit Palestine.
  • Exchange among India and Palestine remains at generally US $40 million and ranges car save parts, restorative the travel industry, agro-items, materials, agro-synthetic concoctions and pharmaceuticals among others.



TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Social strengthening, communalism, regionalism and secularism

Creamy layer in SCs, STs 


  • The Narendra Modi government’s interest for an audit of a 2018 Supreme Court decision in Jarnail Singh versus Lachhmi Narain Gupta case has brought center back around the avoidance of ‘smooth layer’ inside the Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) classifications from reservation benefits.
  • Affirming that the velvety layer idea, which recognizes the well-to-do among hindered areas, ought not have any significant bearing to SCs/STs, the focal government has requested that the issue be alluded to a seven-judge seat.

What does creamy layer mean?

  • The idea has its beginning in a 1992 Supreme Court judgment in the Indira Sawhney versus Union of India case. From that point forward, two other noteworthy Supreme Court decisions — one in M. Nagaraj versus Union of India and another in the Jarnail Singh case — have set out the law in such manner

The Mandal Commission case

  • The Mandal Commission was set up in 1979 under Article 340 of the Constitution by the Janata Party government when Morarji Desai was head administrator with an order to “distinguish the socially or instructively in reverse”. It set down 11 pointers or criteria for deciding social and financial backwardness.
  • Considering this report, the administration gave 27 percent reservation in focal government occupations for Other Backward Classes (OBCs) in 1990.
  • This was tested in the Supreme Court by a few writ petitions.
  • A nine-judge seat in the Indira Sawhney case had maintained bookings for OBCs in 1992, yet decided that smooth layer among the regressive class of residents must be prohibited “by obsession of legitimate salary, property or status criteria” by the focal government.
  • The court declared that on these details, individuals falling in the rich layer would not get the advantage of reservations. The Supreme Court likewise held that reservations in arrangements — under Article 16(4) of the Constitution — don’t make a difference to advancements.

The 1993 creamy layer norms

  • Following the SC judgment, the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT) had set down classifications under the rich layer in 1993.
  • As indicated by the 1993 request, children and little girls of Group A/Class I Officers of All India Central and State Services (direct selects), Group B/Class II Officers of Central and State Services (direct enlists), representatives of Public Sector Undertakings and so forth and military fall inside the velvety layer, and, in this way, they would not be qualified for reservation benefits.
  • The request likewise included inside the rich layer children and little girls of individuals with a gross yearly salary of Rs 1 lakh above or having riches over as far as possible as recommended under the Wealth Tax Act for a time of three continuous years.
  • It, notwithstanding, explained that salary from pay rates and rural land won’t be clubbed, and stated that the pay criteria as far as rupee will be altered considering the adjustment in its worth at regular intervals.
  • Be that as it may, the roof has been reexamined just multiple times since 1993 — the last time it happened was in September 2017 when the top was raised to Rs 8 lakh for each annum.

The amendments that followed

  • In the mean time, so as to change the impact of the judgment in the Indira Sawhney case, there were a few revisions to empower the legislature to make laws with respect to reservation in advancement for SCs and STs.
  • The first of these corrections was the point at which the Parliament established the Constitution (77th Amendment) Act, 1995, embeddings Article 16(4A), along these lines empowering the legislature to make laws giving portion in advancement to SCs and STs.
  • Article 16(4B) was additionally embedded, giving that saved advancement presents on SCs and STs that stay unfilled can be conveyed forward to the ensuing year. While the SC judgment in the Indira Sawhney case topped the booking standard at 50 percent, the administration’s revision guaranteed that the 50 percent roof for these conveyed forward unfilled presents doesn’t matter on resulting years.
  • Another occurrence was when Article 335 of the Constitution was corrected during Atal Bihari Vajpayee’s legislature in 2001. While Article 335 determined that reservations must be adjusted with the “upkeep of productivity”, the 2001 alteration expressed that the Article won’t make a difference to the legislature on the off chance that it loosens up assessment gauges in issues of advancement.
  • ‘Upkeep of proficiency’ is a protected constraint on the prudence of the administration in reserving spot in advancement for SCs and STs.

Creamy layer to SCs & STs

  • These revisions prompted the 2006 Supreme Court judgment in M. Nagaraj versus Union of India, where a five-judge seat endorsed Parliament’s choice to broaden bookings for SCs and STs to incorporate advancements with three conditions.
  • It required the legislature to give evidence to the backwardness of the class profiting by the booking, for its insufficient portrayal in the position/administration for which reservation in advancement is to be conceded and to show how reservations in advancements would facilitate managerial productivity.
  • The judgment additionally held that the smooth layer idea was relevant to SCs and STs.

Creamy layer shouldn’t bag all coveted jobs: SC

  • The M. Nagaraj case judgment was tested in the Jarnail Singh case through two reference arranges, the most recent one having been given in November 2017, expressing that it should have been alluded to a seven-judge seat.
  • The top court wouldn’t allude it to a bigger seat, stating that despite the fact that it had not explicitly decided to apply the rich layer rule to SCs and STs in its decision in the Indira Sawhney case, the guideline can at present be applied in perspective on the standards of equity cherished in Constitution.
  • The court likewise attested that the SC and high courts would be well inside their purview to prohibit velvety layer from getting reservations, dismissing the focal government’s entries that lone the Parliament can avoid or incorporate individuals from SC/ST records. 


  • “The entire object of reservation is to see that regressive classes of residents push ahead so they may walk connected at the hip with different residents of India on an equivalent premise. This won’t be conceivable if just the smooth layer inside that class sack all the pined for employments in the open part and propagate themselves, leaving the remainder of the class as in reverse as they generally were,”

Connecting the dots:

  • Incomparable Court’s organization on enemies of monstrosities law is an alert against entering authoritative area. Remark


TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Welfare plans for powerless areas of the populace by the Center and States and the exhibition of these plans;
  • Instruments, laws, establishments and Bodies comprised for the security and advancement of these helpless areas.

Governor’s role during fractured verdicts


  • Governors of numerous states are disrupting the cardinal norms and inciting contention by going into the thick of regular governmental issues.
  • A blend of a few variables has expedited the changing job and elements of the representative.
  • Today the men who involve the Raj Bhavans are generally superannuated government officials and gathering men reluctant to forsake their loyalties which causes various issues.

Hung Assembly

  • The Constitution imagines that the Governor follow up on the guide and exhortation of the Council of Ministers, aside from in those circumstances wherein he is, by or under the Constitution, required to act in his circumspection (Article 163).
  • Obviously in recognizing an applicant who, as he would like to think, is in a situation to order a greater part, the Governor needs to settle on his own choice, subject, obviously, to fair standards.
  • This is the reason one regularly observes the Governor of a State welcoming pioneers for dialogs as a component of endeavors to investigate the plausibility of framing a legislature. At the point when the Governor selects the Chief Minister thusly, it is joined by a stipulation that the representative demonstrate their larger part inside a predefined time on the floor of the House.

Is there a preferred order for this process?

  • The Governor may welcome the pioneer of the biggest single gathering first. Notwithstanding, on the off chance that obviously the biggest single gathering has no potential partner or enough free individuals to guarantee a lion’s share, he may likewise welcome the pioneer of the biggest pre-survey mix or union.
  • On the off chance that there is no blend or partnership, he may welcome pioneers individually in the request for their size in the new Assembly. During this procedure, a post-survey mix may develop, if any of them consents to frame a legislature.
  • The Governor may demand letters of help from those outside the pioneer’s gathering who are eager to join or stretch out help to him.

The Sarkaria Commission on inter-State relations has dealt with this question. 

  • The Commission’s report proposes the accompanying requests for Governors to follow: 
  1. A coalition framed preceding the political decision;
  2. The biggest single gathering staking guarantee with the help of others, including independents;
  3. A post-discretionary alliance, with all accomplices joining the administration;
  4. A post-survey alliance, with some joining the administration, and others expanding support from outside.

As general standards, the Sarkaria Commission says the Governor should search for a gathering or mix that directions the most extensive help in the Assembly, and that “his errand is to see that an administration is shaped, and not to attempt to frame an administration which will seek after arrangements which he supports”.

Governor ascertain majority

  • Decades prior, there were occasions of gathering pioneers strutting administrators as far as anyone knows supporting them in Raj Bhavan, and Governors doing a headcount or checking marks. This methodology has been expostulated by courts, and there is accord since the floor of the Assembly is the main spot where the greater part is to be chosen.
  • The Sarkaria Commission suggests that an individual, who has been delegated Chief Minister without an unmistakable lion’s share, should look for a demonstration of positive support in the Assembly inside 30 days. “This training ought to be carefully clung to with the sacredness of a standard of law,” it says.
  • Likewise, when most of the Chief Minister is challenged by countless lawmakers, the Governor ought not chance his very own assurance outside the House, and it would be judicious “to cause the opponent professes to be tried on the floor of the House”. In this, the Governor may exhort the Chief Minister to bring the Assembly, in the event that it isn’t in session, to exhibit his help.
  • Regularly, under Article 174, the Governor brings the House just on the exhortation of the Council of Ministers, yet will be inside his sacred rights to make the House be met if there is motivation to accept that there is an uncertainty about the officeholder’s greater part.

Principles evolved by the Supreme Court:

  • Some fundamental decisions of the Supreme Court have managed these issues. The key rule that should manage the Governor is set out in the S.R. Bommai versus Association of India case (1994).
  • The correct course, the court stated, for testing the quality of a service is a story test. “That by itself is the unavoidably appointed discussion … ,” it watched.
  • Despite the fact that this decision was with regards to the burden of President’s standard in various States, the guideline holds useful for any circumstance in which Governors need to settle on the arrangement of a Chief Minister or continuation of a system dependent on its numerical quality in the House.
  • In Rameshwar Prasad (2005), the court decided that there was nothing incorrectly in introducing a post-survey blend, and that the Governor couldn’t decay the development of an administration on the ground that it was being done through unscrupulous methods.
  • (Jagdambika Pal versus Association of India and Ors), the Supreme Court requested a ‘composite floor test’ including two adversary inquirers — Kalyan Singh and Jagdambika Pal. The Governor had expelled the previous and introduced Ms. Buddy in office. Kalyan Singh won the floor test that day. A huge part of the court’s organization was that it was clarified that the floor test would be the main thing on the plan of the House.
  • Karnataka (2018) and Maharashtra (2019) are occurrences of the court requesting a story test in a circumstance in which the Assembly had not yet been met after the general political race. Along these lines, the administrators were yet to make their vows. The court coordinated the arrangement of a genius tem Speaker, to be trailed by the organization of vow to the new individuals and, from that point, a story test..

Connecting the dots:

  • Governors defy cardinal guidelines, incite contention by going into ordinary governmental issues. Break down


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Finance Commission

  1. The Finance Commission is constituted by the President of India under Article 280 of the Constitution
  2. The 15th Finance Commission has submitted its interim report on devolution formula to President which is the first time in history where a Finance Commission has submitted an interim report.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Mission Parivar Vikas (MPV) 

  1. It is being implemented by Union Health Ministry all across India
  2. The objective of the mission is to accelerate access to high quality family planning choices based on information, reliable services and supplies within a rights-based framework.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about India State Level Disease Burden Initiative’s (ISLDBI) 2018 report

  1. It was released by World Bank in association with NITI Aayog
  2. According to report, the average life expectancy in India would have been 1.7 years higher had the air pollution levels been less than the minimal level causing health loss

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Train 18

  1. It is India’s first engine-less train which doesn’t have a locomotive to pull the coaches, rather it is a self-propelled trainset
  2. The Indian-made trainset was completed at Pune’s Integral Coach Factory.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Consider the following statements about Blue Water Force

  1. Indian Navy is not considered asBlue Water Force as it is unable to carry out operations far from its borders because it needs to come back to Indian ports for refuelling or re-stocking
  2. Owning one or more aircraft carriers is sometimes seen as a marker of Blue water force.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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