UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (26-10-2019)

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 26-10-2019

Current Affairs and News (26-10-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • PMO tells States to address stubble burning issue
  • IndiGen initiative
  • Brazil intends to allow Indians without visas
  • 18th Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit (Part-1)
  • Russian intervention in Syrian civil war

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 26-10-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (26-10-2019)


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II–RTI

In News

  • The Ministry of Personnel told the Right to Information (Term of Office, Salaries, Allowances and Other Terms and Conditions of Service of Chief Information Commissioner, Information Commissioners, and State Information Commissioners) Rules, 2019.
  • The guidelines have decreased the residency of Information Commissioners from five years to three.
  • The Chief Information Commissioner’s compensation has been fixed at Rs2.5 lakh and an Information Commissioner’s at Rs 2.25 lakh.
  • It gives the legislature the prudence to settle on “states of administration” for which no express arrangements are made in the guidelines.
  • As per activists, the guidelines had been drafted and proclaimed in a totally secret way which is disregarding the systems set down in the Pre-Legislative Consultation Policy of 2014.
  • The approach requires all draft rules to be set in the open area for remarks/recommendations of individuals. The draft was not accessible in the open space and no meetings were held with individuals from the general population.
  • The progressions would influence the freedom of ‘Data Commissions who will work like confined parrots.’

PMO advises States to address stubble consuming issue

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Environment

In News

  • The Prime Minister’s Office (PMO) has trained Punjab and Haryana to address the issue of stubble consuming.
  • Head Secretary to the Prime Minister led a gathering with individuals from a team that manages usage of the Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP)
  • As indicated by the evaluation by climate gauge office SAFAR, the effect of stubble consuming from Haryana and Punjab is “moderate yet continuously expanding.”
  • Specialists had before said that this end of the week is especially urgent for air quality due to Diwali which will see blasting of saltines just as elevated traffic.
  • The GRAP Task Force prescribed that hot blend plants, stone-smashers and development exercises that produce dust are restricted from October 26 to 30 in Delhi and its satellite towns

What is the reviewed reaction activity plan (GRAP)?

  • The arrangement was set up by the Supreme Court-commanded Environment Pollution Control Authority (EPCA), which held gatherings with partners from all states for more than a while. An evaluated reaction sets down stratified activities that are required to be taken as and when the grouping of poisons arrives at a specific level.
  • This arrangement will place enthusiastically various enemies of contamination measures and there will be explicit activities for every class — moderate to poor, exceptionally poor, serious and crisis.
  • The measures remember stoppage for the running of diesel sets, a three-fourfold increment in the leaving rates, improved transport and metro administrations, and papers, TV, and radio broadcasts alarms every day with guidance to individuals with respiratory and cardiovascular issues.
  • Likewise, the air in moderate-to-poor class will include periodical motorized clearing of streets, sending of traffic police for the smooth progression of traffic at recognized stifle regions and exacting authorization of contamination standards at block furnaces and modern edifices.

IndiGen initiative

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III –Science & Technology

In News

  • The IndiGen activity was embraced by the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) in April 2019, which was actualized by the CSIR-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology (IGIB), Delhi and CSIR-Center for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB), Hyderabad.
  • CSIR has directed Whole Genome Sequencing of 1,008 Indians from various populaces the nation over under the IndiGen Genome venture.
  • This has empowered benchmarking the adaptability of genome sequencing and computational examination at the populace scale in a characterized course of events. The capacity to unravel the hereditary outline of people through entire genome sequencing will be a significant driver for biomedical science.
  • The point of the activity was twofold: to test if it’s conceivable to quickly and dependably filter a few genomes and exhort individuals on wellbeing dangers that are shown in their quality and to comprehend the variety and recurrence of specific qualities that are known to be connected to infection.
  • The results of the IndiGen will have applications in various territories including prescient and preventive prescription with the quicker and productive determination of uncommon hereditary maladies.

About the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

  • It is an independent body and the biggest innovative work (R&D) association in India – running 37 research centers and 39 field stations or augmentation focuses.
  • In spite of the fact that it is mostly financed by the Ministry of Science and Technology, it works as an independent body enrolled under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860.
  • The innovative work exercises of CSIR incorporates aeronautic design, Structural building, sea sciences, Life sciences, metallurgy, synthetic compounds, mining, nourishment, oil, calfskin, and condition.

Brazil intends to allow Indians without visas

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – International Relations

In News

Brazil is attempting to execute an approach to encourage a quicker section for Indian voyagers into the nation,
This is expected to help individuals to individuals contact between the two nations and increment remote venture into Brazil
Brazil has just finished visa necessities for the residents of the U.S., Canada, Japan, and Australia.
The declaration from Brazil came in front of the up and coming BRICS summit that will be held in Brazil which is required to help intra-BRICS ties.


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Science & Technology

In News

  • Google declared that its quantum PC – Sycamore-has accomplished a leap forward called quantum amazingness in registering.

what is quantum supremacy?

  • It portrays where quantum PCs can do things that traditional PCs can’t.
  • For Google’s situation, scientists at the University of California, Santa Barbara have professed to have built up a processor that took 200 seconds to do a computation that would have taken a traditional PC 10,000 years.

what is a quantum computer?

  • Conventional PCs chip away at the premise of the laws of traditional material science, explicitly by using the progression of power. A quantum PC, then again, tries to abuse the laws that administer the conduct of iotas and subatomic particles.
  • An old-style PC forms data. Bits of data are put away as either 0 or 1. Each string of such digits (bitstrings) speaks to an exceptional character or guidance; for instance, 01100001 speaks to the lowercase “a”.
  • In a quantum PC, data is put away in quantum bits or qubits. What’s more, a qubit can be both 0 and 1 simultaneously.
  • In contrast to old-style material science, in which an item can exist in one spot at once, quantum physical science takes a gander at the probabilities of an article being at various focuses. Presence in various states is called superposition, and the connections among these states are called ensnarement.



TOPIC: General Studies 2

  • India and its neighborhood-relations.
  • Reciprocal, territorial and worldwide groupings and understandings including India as well as influencing India’s inclinations

Eighteenth Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit (Part-1)


  • The eighteenth Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit held in Baku, Azerbaijan between October 25 and October 26, 2019T
  • his will be the second time in push PM Modi is absent in NAM summit
  • Prior skirted the seventeenth Margarita NAM Summit, 2017 in Venezuela too wherein India was spoken to by the then Vice-President Mr. Hamid Ansari.
  • This time again the nation will be spoken to by the Vice President of the nation Mr. V. Naidu.
IAS UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 26th October 2019
IAS UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 26th October 2019



  • The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a discussion of 120 creating world expresses that are not officially lined up with or against any significant force bloc(USA or USSR).
  • After the United Nations, it is the biggest gathering of states around the world
  • Concurred at the Bandung Conference in 1955
  • Built-up in 1961 in Belgrade, Yugoslavia through an activity of the Indian Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and the Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito.
  • Presently comprises of about 66% of the UN individuals and 55% of the total populace.


  • To guarantee “the national autonomy, sway, regional uprightness and security of uncommitted nations” in their “battle against government, expansionism, neo-imperialism, bigotry, and all types of outside animosity, occupation, mastery, impedance or authority just as against extraordinary force and alliance legislative issues.” (Havana revelation, Fidel Castro)

During the cold war:

  • A large number of the Non-Aligned Movement’s individuals were firmly lined up with some of the superpowers the development kept up solidarity all through the Cold War.
  • A few clashes between individuals undermined the development.

After the cold war:

  • NAM concentrated on creating multilateral ties and associations just as solidarity among the creating countries of the world

India and Non-Alignment:

  • India assumed an essential job in the multilateral developments of provinces and recently autonomous nations that needed to join the Non-Aligned Movement.
  • India’s arrangement was neither negative nor positive.
  • Discretion, size, and its financial marvel transformed India into one of the pioneers of the Non-Aligned Movement and upholder of the Third World solidarity

Connecting the dots:

  • The job of the Non-Alignment Movement in world issues had endured extraordinarily because of the performance center of internecine clashes among the underdeveloped nations who led it. Elucidate.


TOPIC: General Studies 2

  • Impact of arrangements and legislative issues of created and creating nations on India’s inclinations, Indian Diaspora.
  • Reciprocal, territorial and worldwide groupings and understandings including India or potentially influencing India’s inclinations

Russian intercession in the Syrian common war


  • Russian military police have landed in Syria, under an agreement among Turkey and Russia which stopped Turkey’s military attack into upper east Syria.
  • The arrangement, by Presidents Tayyip Erdogan and Vladimir Putin, necessitates that Russian military police and Syrian fringe watches expel all Kurdish YPG state army from the Turkish outskirt.
  • Turkey sees the YPG as a fear-based oppressor bunch lined up with Kurdish aggressors who have pursued an insurrection in southeast Turkey since 1984.
IAS UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 26th October 2019
IAS UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 26th October 2019


Russian intervention in Syria:

  • The Russian military mediation in the Syrian Civil War started in September 2015, after an official solicitation by the Syrian government for military guide against rebel gatherings.
  • At first included airstrikes against focuses against Syrian resistance aggressor bunches restricted to the Syrian government, including the Syrian National Coalition, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL), al-Nusra Front (al-Qaeda in Syria) and the Army of Conquest.
  • Russian uncommon tasks powers and military consultants were positioned in Syria.

Russia′s objectives :

  • Battling fear monger associations, for example, the Islamic State,
  • Helping the Syrian government retake an area from different enemy of government bunches that are named by the United States as ″moderate opposition″,
  • To move back U.S. impact.
  • In 2015, Russian president Vladimir Putin characterized Russia′s objective in Syria as “settling the genuine force in Syria and making the conditions for political trade-off”.


Recover of Palmyra from the Islamic State in March 2016,
Retaking the significant city of Aleppo in December 2016,
Breaking the three-year-long attack of Deir Ez-Zor


  • Russian airstrikes slaughtered civilians, including kids.
  • Russian assaults have slaughtered a greater number of regular people than either the Islamic State or the Syrian Army.
  • The mediation captivated global spectators.

International community: 

  • Nations with close strategic and financial connections to Russia, including China, Egypt, Iraq, and Belarus, have commonly bolstered the mediation
  • Governments near the US were generally opposite reproving Russia for its job in the war and blaming the state for complicity in the Syrian system’s supposed atrocities.
  • Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International have affirmed Russia is perpetrating atrocities and intentionally focusing on regular folks.
  • The United States government has censured the mediation and forced monetary approvals against Russia for supporting the Syrian government
  • Joined Nations have censured the Russian intercession and blamed Russia for atrocities.

India’s response:

  • India over the decades has supported the strategy of nonobstructive in inward undertakings of a sovereign country.
  • India proposed for discourse and arrangements and based on the standards of the UN Charter and as per universal law

Connecting the dots:

  • India over the decades has supported the strategy of nonobstructive in inward undertakings of a sovereign country. Legitimize


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)


  • Featured Comments and comments Up-voted by whataftercollege are the “correct answers”.

Q.1)IndiGen initiative is undertaken by which body/organization?

  1. DRDO
  2. Ministry of Skill Development
  3. CSIR
  4. None of the above

Q.2)Consider the following statements about Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)

  1. It is an autonomous body registered under the Registration of Societies Act, 1860.
  2. The research and development activities of CSIR include aerospace engineering, Structural engineering, ocean sciences, Life sciences, metallurgy, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environment.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3)SYCAMORE often seen in news is related to which of the following area?

  1. Cyber ransomware
  2. New vaccine to treat Malaria
  3. Quantum Computing
  4. None of the above

Q.4)Consider the following statements about BRICS

  1. The first BRIC Summit took place in 2009 in Russia
  2. During the Sixth BRICS Summit in Fortaleza (2014) the leaders signed the Agreement establishing the New Development Bank (NDB).

Which of the statements given above are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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