UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (31-01-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 31-01-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 31-01-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 31-01-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • E-flows in River Ganga: 4 hydropower projects in upper Ganga violating e-flows
  • India-Australia Relationship

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 31-01-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (31-01-2020)


Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Security

In News

  • It is a joint military exercise among India and Bangladesh which is facilitated on the other hand by the two nations.
  • The ninth version will be directed at UMROI, Meghalaya, India from 03 Feb to 16 Feb 2020

Martyr’s Day

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Society, Modern History

In News

  • It is seen on 30th January consistently in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi and his commitments to the country.
  • He was killed by Nathuram Godse in the Birla House during his night supplications on 31st Jan 1948
  • 23rd March is additionally seen as Martyr’s Day to pay tribute to three progressives of India, in particular, Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar.

Basant Panchami

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Society

In News

  • Basant Panchami or Vasant Panchami celebrated on 30th Jan denotes the start of the spring season – Basant implies spring and Panchami signifies “the fifth day”
  • The day is likewise celebrated as Saraswati Puja
  • It is progressively mainstream in Bengal, Odisha and North Indian states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh.

Beating Retreat Ceremony

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Culture

In News

  • It formally signifies the finish of Republic Day merriments.
  • It is led on the night of 29 January, the third after quite a while after the Republic Day.
  • It is performed by the groups of the three wings of the military, the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force, and channel groups from the Army, and from 2016 amassed development of groups of the Central Armed Police Forces and the Delhi Police.
  • The central visitor of the capacity is the President of India.

E-flows in River Ganga: 4 hydropower projects in upper Ganga violating e-flows

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Environment Conservation

In News

  • As indicated by the Central Water Commission(CWC), the hydropower ventures disregarding Ganga environmental stream (e-stream) standards.
    • Vishnuprayag Hydroelectric project – Alaknanda
    • Srinagar Hydroelectric project – Alaknanda
    • Maneri Bhali Phase 2 – Bhagirathi
    • Pashulok – Ganga Mainstream
  • Focus’ natural stream notice (under Environment Protection Act of 1986) orders that undertaking engineers guarantee a base stock of water all as the year progressed
  • CWC is the assigned power liable for the supervision, observing, the guideline of streams in the waterways

About Central Water Commission

  • Focal Water Commission is an ahead specialized association of India in the field of Water Resources, framed by means of warning in 1975
  • It is by and by working as a connected office of the Ministry of Jal Shakti

Country’s First Fruit Train

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Infrastructure

In News

  • This is the first run through in Quite a while where ‘natural product train’ for example a whole train is being sent to the passage port (JNPT) for sending out.
  • From: Tadipatri Railway Station in Anantapur locale in Andhra Pradesh
  • To: Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai, from where the committal will be sent out to Iran.
  • Payload: 980 metric huge amounts of locally (AP) developed bananas under the brand name “Glad Bananas”
  • The train helps spare both time and fuel as 150 trucks would have been required to send a committal of this size by street to JNPT, which is more than 900 km away


International Affairs

Topic: General Studies 2

  • India and its neighbourhood- relations

India-Australia Relationship

India-Australia relationship has been generally described as one of the interminably unfulfilled guarantees

Truly, India-Australia relations experienced, at any rate, four profound auxiliary hindrances. They are:

  1. The logic of the Cold War
  • After the finish of Cold war, Australia lined up with the USA and agreed with Pakistan while India received Non-arrangement approach (on occasion tilting towards USSR).
  • This forestalled the development of India-Australia reciprocal relationship

Progression in recent times

  • With the finish of Cold war in 1991 (breaking down of USSR) and synchronous opening of the Indian economy, the rationale of the cold war has evaporated
  • India’s reception of a free-showcase financial model and India’s developing closeness with the USA has empowered the two India and Australia to leave cold war storage room and sustain their relationship
  1. India’s nuclear status outside the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).
  • This brought about Australia taking an especially solid position against India’s 1998 atomic tests, which came not long after French atomic tests in the South Pacific.

Progression in recent times

  • In any case, the 2008 waiver allowed to India by the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the resulting lifting by Australia of its uranium boycott against NPT non-signatories, and a respective common atomic understanding between India and Australia in 2014-2015 to a great extent tended to the issue.
  1. Absence of people-to-people content – “
  • The setting to this was the “White Australia” strategy, which disheartened migration from Asia

Progression in recent times

  • Lately, in any case, Indian settlers have been among the biggest supporters of Australia’s populace development.
  • Notwithstanding the gigantic flood of Indian understudies, Indian vacationers are additionally visiting Australia in bigger numbers.
  1. Lack of economic content – It is here that both Nations are yet to exploit the full potential
  • Absence of monetary substance – It is here that the two Nations are yet to abuse the maximum capacity
  • The exchange between the two nations has been at an unobtrusive $31 billion, generally made out of assets like coal and different minerals.
  • Dealings on a Free Trade Agreement, which started in 2011, have not pushed ahead altogether.

Weak Spots in Trade relationship

The most fragile connection in India’s fares to Australia is in stock. India needs to take a gander at three expansive regions

  • To start with, regardless of globalization, markets are nation explicit and socially delicate. In this manner, Indian organizations need to investigate Australian purchaser desires and ways of life before entering the Australian market
  • Second, Australia is a brand-cognizant market while India has not made a solitary buyer brand of worldwide acknowledgement.
  • Third, advancement is developing as the absolute most-significant factor for continued accomplishment in each circle. Advancement in Cricket like 20/20 arrangement has kept the game alive and well known. Worldwide exchange can’t be unique.

Brighter Prospects in Future with regard to Trade

  • India-Australia exchange has been relentlessly advancing into another engineering supported by improvements in computerized innovation. There has been an observable move in the exchange bushel from assets to administrations.
  • Youthful Australians, similar to youthful Indians, convey the convincing vision of 21st-century globalization, multiculturism and quality instruction.
  • Accordingly, the youthful can see issues like migration and redistribute with unmistakably more composure than the more established age.
  • India Economic Strategy 2035 Report arranged by Peter Varghese, a negotiator and previous Australian High Commissioner to India. It seems that no single market throughout the following 20 years will offer more development open doors for Australia than India.


As of late there has been a Strategic Convergence between India and Australia because of China’s decisiveness and monetary profile, shared worries about Southeast Asian attachment, and tensions about US’s vital responsibility to the Indo-Pacific.

This key regular intrigue ought to be extended to build the monetary interlinkage between the two nations.


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Central Water Commission

  1. It is a premier technical organization of India in the field of Water Resources, formed via notification in 1975
  2. It is presently functioning as an attached office of the Ministry of Home Affairs

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Exercise Sampriti is a bilateral military exercise between India and which other countries?

  1. Sri Lanka
  2. Nepal
  3. Bangladesh
  4. None of the above

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Beating Retreat Ceremony

  1. It officially denotes the beginning of Republic Day festivities.
  2. It is conducted on the evening of 23 January, the third day before Republic Day.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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