UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (28-01-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 28-01-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 28-01-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 28-01-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD): New agreement signed
  • Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)
  • Agriculture & Environment

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 28-01-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (28-01-2020)

Bodoland Territorial Area District (BTAD): New agreement signed

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Federalism

In News

  • The understanding marked between the Ministry of Home Affairs, Bodo Groups and Assam government which has the accompanying arrangements:
    • Renaming: From BTAD to Bodoland Territorial Region.
    • Redrawing Boundaries: Villages ruled by Bodos that were by and by outside the BTAD would be incorporated and those with non-Bodo populace would be rejected.
    • Bodos living in the slopes would be allowed Scheduled Hill Tribe status.
    • Bodo language with Devnagri content will become partner official language for the whole of Assam and a different directorate for Bodo medium schools will be set up.
    • Improvement Package of ₹1500 crore by the Center for the advancement of Bodo regions
  • The understanding likewise included recovery of individuals from the National Democratic Front of Boroland (NDFB) groups more than 1500 equipped units will recant brutality and join the standard


Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Economy, Agriculture

In News

  • The Conclave is being composed by Indian Potato Association (IPA) as a team with Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, and ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla and International Potato Center (CIP), Lima, Peru.
  • Gujarat is one of the main makers of Potato in the nation with the most elevated efficiency of more than 30t/ha.
  • Over the most recent eleven years alone, while the region under potato in India, has expanded by 19%, it has expanded by about 170% in Gujarat.
  • During the most recent two decades two Global Potato Conferences were composed during 1999, and 2008

Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Governance

In News

  • The list is arranged yearly by the Germany-based Transparency International.
  • India has slipped two spots to number 80 in the CPI, with its score continuing as before at 41 (Zero is exceptionally degenerate and 100 is extremely perfect)
  • The normal 2019 score is 43, with more than 66% of nations scoring beneath 50.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th January 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th January 2020

Source: Indian Express

Nagardhan excavations: Insights into Vakataka dynasty

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I – Art & Culture; Ancient History

In News

  • Vakatakas administered portions of Central and South India between the third and fifth hundreds of years.
  • Nagardhan (near Pune) filled in as the capital of the Vakataka realm.
  • A portion of the discoveries of Archeological unearthings are
    • First-time mud sealings have been unearthed from Nagardhan.
    • Had a place with the period when Prabhavatigupta was the sovereign of the Vakataka line.
    • The fixing is 1500 years of age and bears the sovereigns name in Brahmi content, alongside portrayal of conch
    • The nearness of the conch is viewed as an indication of the Vaishnava connection that the Guptas held.
    • An unblemished icon of Lord Ganesha, which had no decorations enhanced, excessively was found from the site. This affirmed the elephant god was a usually revered divinity in those occasions

Queen Prabhavatigupta

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Ancient History

In News

  • She is the girl of Chandragupta-II and granddaughter of Samudragupta.
  • Vakataka leaders of Central India manufactured a few wedding partnerships with Guptas of North India to keep up agreeable relations.
  • Prabhavatigupta was hitched to Vakataka ruler Rudrasena II and appreciated the situation of Chief Queen.
  • After the unexpected demise of the King, Queen Prabhavatigupta administered for around 10 years until her child Pravarasena II succeeded
  • Vakataka rulers followed the Shaivism while the Guptas were staunch Vaishnavites.
  • She had a critical job in the engendering of Vaishnava rehearses in the Vidarbha locale of Maharashtra.

AUSCHWITZ – 75th Anniversary of its liberation 

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- World History

In News

  • During the II World War, the legislature of Nazi Germany slaughtered around 17 million individuals across Europe in camps explicitly assigned for killings.
  • The camp at Auschwitz (in German-involved Poland), was the biggest in size which turned into the focal point of Holocaust History
  • United powers freed Auschwitz on January 27, 1945, discovering several wiped out, starving and depleted detainees, who had by one way or another endure.
  • In 2005, the UN-assigned January 27 as the International Holocaust Remembrance Day.


Agriculture & Environment

Topic: General Studies 3:

  • Significant harvests editing designs in different pieces of the nation,
  • Issues identified with immediate and backhanded ranch sponsorships and least help costs;
  • Mindfulness in the fields of Biotechnology
  • Preservation, ecological contamination and corruption, natural effect evaluation

Case for Biotechnology adoption

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th January 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 28th January 2020

Pic Source: The Hindu


Arguments made against Bt Cotton seeds vis-à-vis variety seeds in the article India’s Cotton Story .

The article draws out the contrast between Hybrid Bt seeds versus Varieties and calls attention to different focal points of High-Density Planting of non-Bt varietal cotton seeds – ease work, higher profitability, non-reliance on remote seed organizations, less utilization of pesticides and reasonable for India’s climatic conditions.

Coming up next are the counter-contentions made on the side of Bt Hybrid Cotton seeds.

Contention 1: GM cotton covers 95% of the zone under cotton and that there are no decisions for ranchers.

Counter Arguments

  • Rancher receives innovations which are advantageous to him and doesn’t pass by the proposals of the business or some other people.
  • Likewise, ranchers develop varietal crops in 90-100% of the region on account of rice, mustard, numerous oilseeds, and heartbeats. In the event that seed organizations were incredible, they would have pushed ranchers to embrace a half and half assortments in these harvests too.
  • This shows ranchers receive just those innovations which yield his advantages. Crediting a lot of capacity to seed organizations w.r.t. controlling the selection of ranchers is irrational

Argument 2: Low productivity of India’s Bt Cotton as compared to other Countries

Counter Arguments

  • Hybrid Bt Cotton has helped increment cotton yields by over 1.8 occasions — from 241 kg/hectare in 2002-2003 to 541 kg/hectare in 2018-2019.
  • Furthermore, an expansion in yield isn’t only reliant on innovation yet in addition on different components like information on development and right agronomic practices, where there is degree for development on account of India
  • New innovation presentation has halted in India since 2005, influencing the development of yields.

Argument 3: Availability of low-cost manual labour for the adoption of non-bt varietal cottonseed

Counter Argument

  • Today, work represents over 58% of a rancher’s expense of development per section of land. India’s ranchers rather need the best innovations to stay serious.

Argument 4: Indian farmers need to buy seeds repeatedly. 

Counter Arguments

  • The truth of the matter is that biotech cotton, however, all half and half seeds lose their advantages whenever replanted, making diminished and sporadic yields.
  • New seeds assist ranchers with supporting significant returns year on year.

Other arguments/facts in support of Bt Cotton Seeds are:

  1. India’s cotton yields which were at 169 kg/hectare in 1980-81 expanded to 278 kg/hectare in 2000-01 and afterwards 542 kg/hectare in 2016-17 (Cotton Advisory Board information)
  2. Expanded Revenues: Highest creation of 398 lakh bundles of cotton in India was accomplished in 2013-14, esteemed at around Rs. 72,000 crores.
  3. Extra wages were created from cotton seeds oil (1.3 million tons) and cottonseed oil meal (11 million tons) worth Rs. 13,000 crore and Rs. 22,000 crore, separately.
  4. Small Bt Cotton Seed advertise: It is about Rs. 3,000 crore, making it scarcely 2.5% of the all-out worth produced.
  5. Worldwide acknowledgement: Cotton Production (source USDA) – 2017-18 – India (35million parcels), China (28m bundles), the U.S. (21m bundles), Brazil (9m parcels) and Australia (5m bunches). Every one of them is GM cotton nations, adding to over 90% of worldwide cotton creation.
  6. Helps monitor biodiversity: with higher generation from a similar territory, the development of the farming area into backwoods zones has been eased back.
  7. Financial wave benefits procured by half breed Bt cotton seed ranchers:
  • 85% of them put resources into better instruction for kids;
  • 77% announced better admission of nutritious nourishment;
  • 75% revealed better strength of their relatives;
  • 64% contributed to the strength of animals;
  • Female specialists on Bt cotton fields earned a normal 55% higher pay;
  • 42.4 crore extra long periods of country business have been created, in this manner multiplying cotton generation.

Way forward

  • New innovation presentation that has been halted in India since 2005, ought to be restarted.
  • Research expansion administrations ought to be fortified.
  • Ranchers should be furnished with refreshed information as to the selection of best agronomic practices.

Connecting the Dots:

  • Bt Brinjal and Bt Mustard
  • The genetic engineering Appraisal committee


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Prabhavatigupta

  1. She was the granddaughter of Samudragupta who married Vakataka king Rudrasena II
  2. She had a pivotal role in the propagation of Vaishnava practices in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Corruption Perception Index is prepared by

  1. World Economic Forum
  2. World Bank
  3. IMF
  4. Transparency International

Q.3) Which of the following states enjoy special provision under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution

  1. Assam
  2. Arunachal Pradesh
  3. Meghalaya
  4. Tripura
  5. Mizoram

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

  1. 1,2 and 3 only
  2. 2 only
  3. 1,3,4 and 5 only
  4. All of them

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Global Potato Conclave 

  1. The First such edition is being held in Gujarat, India from 28th Jan 2020 – 31st Jan 2020
  2. In the last eleven years alone, while the area under potato in India, has increased by 19%, it has increased by about 170% in Gujarat.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Consider the following statements

  1. Between third and fifth centuries, Vakatakas were ruling the North-Western Part of India while the more powerful Guptas were ruling the Central & Deccan part of India
  2. Vakataka rulers followed the Shaivism while the Guptas were staunch Vaishnavites.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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