UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (26-12-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 26-12-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 26-12-2019

Current Affairs and News (26-12-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Locust invasion in Gujarat
  • National Strategy for Suicide Prevention under discussion
  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (ATAL JAL)
  • Intersex Person: Call for National ban on unnecessary medical surgeries
  • Saptamatrikas: Earliest Epigraphic evidence for the cult found
  • Bharatnet Project: Free WiFi to all villages
  • Desertification: Another 30% of the India’s land is undergoing degradation
  • Three Capital of Andhra Pradesh : there was nothing wrong in having the capital at three places says CM

Importance of Current Affairs in IAS Coaching

Watch Video – UPSC Exam Current Affairs 26-12-2019

Video Source – Shankar IAS Academy

find top institutes for IAS coaching

UPSC Exam Current Affairs 26-12-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (26-12-2019)

Locust invasion in Gujarat

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Environment, Agriculture

In News

  • As per the Agriculture Ministry’s Locust Warning Organization (LWO) in Jodhpur, insects (types of grasshoppers) are flying in from Pakistan’s Sindh territory and spreading in towns in Rajasthan and Gujarat where south western storm was drawn out this year.
  • Initially, the beetles developed in February this year from Sudan and Eritrea on Africa’s Red Sea Coast and went through Saudi Arabia and Iran to enter Pakistan.
  • Beetle intrusions normally happens in regions that get under 200 mm of downpour yearly. This is around 16 million sq km comprising of around 30 nations.
  • The creepy crawlies fly in during the day and choose the ranches around evening time, making it hard to ward them off contrarily affecting homestead yield.
  • The last significant upsurge in India happened in 1993 which saw the invasion of 172 insect swarms. India has just a single beetle rearing season-from July to October
  • How to handle?
    • Government likewise investigated the probability of sprinkling pesticides and synthetic concoctions through choppers in influenced regions.

National Strategy for Suicide Prevention under discussion

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I- Society

In News

  • India keeps on having the questionable qualification of recording the most elevated number, or 34% of all suicides on the planet.
  • As per arrangement of Section 309 of the IPC endeavored suicide keeps on being a criminal offense. It says that suicide endeavor is culpable with straightforward detainment, which may stretch out as long as one year.
  • In any case, Section 115 of the MCHA, 2017 states that “any individual who endeavors to end it all will be assumed, except if demonstrated generally, to have serious pressure and will not be attempted and rebuffed under the said Code (Section 309 of IPC).”
  • After the Mental Healthcare Act (MCHA), 2017, the Section has become “repetitive” yet at the same time stays in law books.
  • Along these lines, when National technique of arranged, it is relied upon to expel perplexity encompassing irregularities among IPC and MCHA

Atal Bhujal Yojana (ATAL JAL)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Governance; GS-III- Environment Conservation

In News

  • The Central Sector conspire expects to improve ground water the board through network interest in recognized need territories in seven States, viz. Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
  • The Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti is the executing organization for the plan.
  • Out of the all out expense of Rs. 6000 crore, half will be as World Bank advance, and staying half will be through Central Assistance from customary budgetary help. The whole sum will be given to the States as Grants.
  • ATAL JAL has two significant parts:
    • Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building for supportable ground water the executives in the States including improving observing systems, limit building, reinforcing of Water User Associations, and so on.
    • Boosting the States for accomplishments in improved groundwater the executives rehearses to be specific, information dispersal, readiness of water security plans and so on.

Do You know?

  • Out of 17.87 Crore rustic families in the nation, about 14.6 Crore which represents 81.67% are yet to have family water tap associations.
  • Government’s Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) plans to give Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to each country family unit by 2024.

Intersex Person: Call for National ban on unnecessary medical surgeries

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Society

In News

  • The term intersex is mistaken for transgender, the two in-truth have totally different implications.
    • People who recognize as transgender or transsexual have a sexual orientation that is not the same as the one generally connected with the sex they were allocated during childbirth.
    • Intersex alludes to individuals brought into the world with organic or physical attributes that are more differing than cliché male or female bodies.
  • Intersex people and rights associations have looked for a national restriction on superfluous restorative medical procedures directed on kids with intersex characteristics and spoke to the Union government to ensure their human rights.
  • Call for across the nation boycott comes after the Tamil Nadu government restricted regularizing medical procedures on newborn children and kids with the exception of in perilous circumstances after a noteworthy judgment of the Madras High Court on April 22, 2019
  • WHO and the UN Human Rights Council have called upon Member States to end obtrusive and irreversible medicinal medical procedures and other restorative treatment on intersex kids.
  • Whenever embraced broadly, India could turn out to be just the third nation after Malta and Taiwan, to have a lawful system which ensures the privileges of intersex kids.

Saptamatrikas: Earliest Epigraphic evidence for the cult found

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I- Art & Culture

In News

  • The Epigraphy Branch of the Archeological Survey of India (ASI) has found the most punctual epigraphic proof so far for the Saptamatrika religion.
  • It is additionally the most punctual Sanskrit engraving to have been found in South India as on date.
  • Saptamatrikas are a gathering of seven female gods adored in Hinduism as exemplifying the vitality of their separate consorts.
  • The engraving is in Sanskrit and in Brahmi characters and was given by Satavahana lord Vijaya in 207 A.D. It was found in Chebrolu town in Guntur region of Andhra Pradesh.
  • So far the Nagarjunakonda engraving of Ikshavaku lord Ehavala Chantamula gave during fourth century A.D. was viewed as the most punctual Sanskrit engraving in South India

Bharatnet Project: Free WiFi to all villages

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III- Infrastructure (Digital)

In News

  • To advance take-up of the Internet in rustic zones, government guaranteed free Wi-Fi to around 48,000 towns, which are associated through the administration’s lead Bharatnet venture
  • With the BharatNet activity, the Center plans to associate all 2.5 lakh gram panchayats through optical fiber.
  • Advanced Village, which was conceptualized by the Common Service Center (CSC) SPV under the Ministry of Electronics and IT, is where residents can benefit different e-administrations of the focal and the State governments, just as of private players.
  • These administrations incorporate banking, protection, tele-medication, annuity and e-administration administrations. Such towns are likewise furnished with LED bulb get together unit, sterile napkin unit, and provincial Wifi framework.
  • There were about 3.6 lakh CSCs in the nation covering 2.25 lakh gram panchayats.



TOPIC: General Studies 3:

  • Protection, ecological contamination and corruption, natural effect appraisal

Desertification: Another 30% of the India’s land is undergoing degradation


  • Consistently during the rainstorm, Hemant Waman Chowre faces a particular circumstance. From one perspective, he seeks after great precipitation to water his yields however on the other, he is frightened, for even a mellow shower can wreck his saplings.
  • These are clear indications of desertification which, according to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), is debasing 12 million ha of beneficial land over the world consistently. This is more than multiple times the size of Delhi and is sufficient to grow 20 million tons of grain.
  • Dry terrains influenced by desertification not just lose their capacity to help vegetation, yet in addition their capacity to offer environment administrations, for example, the board of water frameworks and capacity of carbon use in an unnatural weather change.
  • Desertification has happened from the beginning of time. In any case’s, disturbing that its pace has quickened 30 to multiple times the recorded rate in the ongoing decades. With evolving atmosphere, delayed dry spells and expanding frequencies of floods, avalanches and ice hurling are regardless decreasing the measure of beneficial land.
  • The World Atlas of Desertification, 1997, shows overgrazing is answerable for 90 percent of dryland corruption in Australia and 60 percent in Africa. Deforestation has caused 40 percent dryland corruption in South America and Europe and 30 percent in Asia.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 26th December 2019

SRC: U.S. Department of Agriculture map from 1998 

  • “As indicated by Desertification and Land Degradation of Selected Districts of India, a map book distributed by the Indian Space Research Organization’s Space Application Center (SAC), Ahmedabad in 2018, some 96.40 million ha, or around 30 percent of the nation’s complete zone, is experiencing corruption”
  • SAC mapped India’s 76 dry spell inclined locale and two sub-bowls in Ladakh to set up the chart book and found that in drylands, which length 228.3 million ha, or 70 percent of the nation’s complete land, 82.64 million ha is under desertification.
  • TERI’s traditionalist gauge shows land debasement costs $48.8 billion to the nation’s exchequer every year.
  • This is practically 2.08 percent of India’s GDP in 2014-15 and more than 13 percent of gross worth included from agribusiness and ranger service that year.
  • The monetary expense of woods debasement represents 55 percent of the absolute misfortune. There has been a predictable increment in the territory submerged disintegration, said the report.

State-wise plight:

  • In Maharashtra, the timber mafia was eating into effectively slim woodlands, prompting soil disintegration. In excess of a million trees were felled somewhere in the range of 2005 and 2014, utilizing licenses gave by the state’s woods office consistently. Another 0.26 million were cut illicitly.
  • Over the top mining in Jharkhand has activated soil disintegration and exasperated water shortage in the state. Information with the Central Ground Water Board shows that water table in the whole square has brought down from 8 m beneath the ground level in 2013 to around 10 m in 2017.
  • Uncontrolled mining and growing urbanization has negatively affected Goa. Absence of arranging could, further, corrupt land in the state.
  • In Nagaland, moving development (where individuals slice trees and consume them to set up the land for cultivating), deforestation and rising populace are at fault for desertification. The quickly disappearing vegetation spread has increased soil disintegration in the state.
  • In Andhra Pradesh, low precipitation and expanded reliance on borewells have prompted soil aridity, while not so much day off rather more precipitation has extended the desertification emergency in Himachal Pradesh.
  • Overgrazing and infringement of prairie for horticultural exercises have influenced Gujarat.
  • Then again, in Rajasthan, trenches, tubewell water system and shelterbelts have prompted an expansion in the green spread.

Various schemes by the Government of India which are helping to reduce land degradation:

  • Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana (PMFBY)
  • Soil Health Card Scheme
  • Soil Health Management Scheme
  • Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojna (PKSY)
  • Per Drop More Crop

Dispatch of a lead venture on upgrading limit on backwoods scene rebuilding (FLR) and Bonn Challenge in India, through a pilot period of 3.5 years executed in the States of Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Nagaland and Karnataka. Service of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) in association with The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), through this leader venture means to create and adjust best practices and checking conventions for the Indian states and construct limit inside the five pilot states on FLR and Bonn Challenge. This will be inevitably scaled up the nation over through ensuing periods of the task.

Connecting the dots:

  • Talk about the issue of desertification. Which parts of the world are experiencing this wonder?


TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Capacities and obligations of the Union and the States, issues and difficulties relating to the government structure, devolution of forces and funds up to nearby levels and difficulties in that.

Three Capital of Andhra Pradesh : there was nothing wrong in having the capital at three places says CM


  • Boss Minister Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy indicated in the Legislative Assembly as of late that there was nothing incorrectly in having the capital at three spots, like the South African model.
  • He indicated that the High Court could be situated in Kurnool, Amaravati could keep on being the Legislative capital and Visakhapatnam the Executive capital.

History of the formation of Andhra Pradesh State:

  • The principal reference of decentralization was made in the Sri Bagh settlement, which was marked by the then political pioneers from Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema on November 16, 1937.
  • As per the agreement, for a reasonable decentralization, it was chosen to proceed with Andhra University in Visakhapatnam and the High Court and the capital be partitioned between the two locales.
  • Visakhapatnam has every one of the settings to turn into a decent living space. Significantly after Amaravati was cut out, the vast majority of the civil servants didn’t move their families and they kept on remaining in Hyderabad. 

Sri Krishna panel:

  • The favorable circumstances and characteristics of Visakhapatnam to turn into the capital was examined in the Sri Bagh settlement as well as intricately pondered by the Sri Krishna Committee.
  • The Sri Krishna Committee basically took up three things for thought — production of single city or super city in Greenfield area, growing existing urban areas and dispersed advancement.
  • The Committee anyway didn’t consider a solitary enormous capital city as a plausible alternative accessible to Andhra Pradesh starting at that point. Be that as it may, the State government had pushed the VGTM (Vijayawada, Guntur, Tenali, Mangalagiri) zone for advancement.
  • Visakhapatnam was in the radar, as it was felt that it has all the necessity.


  • Fast industrialisation, the nearness of Eastern Naval Command and various open segment units, Visakhapatnam just city in the State that wears a cosmopolitan texture.
  • the nearness of such culture loans harmony and gives readymade quality labor,


  • Decentralization was intricately portrayed in the Sri Bagh agreement.
  • The agreement obviously characterized decentralization, to assist each of the three fundamental areas, for example, Coastal AP, Godavari and Krishna locale and Rayalaseema.


  • There is around 10,000 sections of land of government land.
  • Land isn’t an issue, as the necessity to set up a couple of new workplaces and quarters won’t surpass 2,000 to 3,000 sections of land.


  • Choice is a success win circumstance both for the administration and the city

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think there is nothing incorrectly in 3 capitals ?


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Saptamatrikas

  1. They are a group of seven female deities worshipped in Hinduism as personifying the energy of their respective consorts
  2. The earliest epigraphic evidence so far for the Saptamatrika cult was recently discovered in Haryana which is also the earliest Sanskrit inscription of North India

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Locust Invasion

  1. Locust invasions usually occurs in wet areas that receive more than 300 mm of rain annually
  2. India has only one locust breeding season- from July to October

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about Bharatnet Project

  1. It is being implemented by Prime Minister’s Office in collaboration with NITI Aayog
  2. It aims to connect all 2.5 lakh gram panchayats through optical fibre.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Atal Bhujal Yojana

  1. It aims to improve ground water management through community participation in all states & UT of India
  2. It is a centrally sponsored scheme whereby 70% of the project cost shall be through Central Assistance and the remaining 30% through State funding.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Importance of Current Affairs in IAS Coaching

Check out more IAS Coaching Current Affairs

Also, Check Out the All the Details about the IAS Exam

ias exam details

Explore List of Top IAS Coaching Institutes in Different Cities –

Best IAS Coaching in Delhi Top IAS Coaching In Jaipur
Best IAS Coaching in Kolkata Top IAS Coaching In Chennai
Best IAS Coaching In BangaloreTop IAS Coaching In Chandigarh
Best IAS Coaching In BhopalTop IAS Coaching In Allahabad
Best IAS Coaching In KanpurTop IAS Coaching In Indore
Best IAS Coaching in AhmedabadTop IAS Coaching In Trivandrum
Best IAS Coaching In PatnaTop IAS Coaching In Vijayawada
Best IAS Coaching In NagpurTop IAS Coaching In Pune
Best IAS Coaching In BhubaneswarTop IAS Coaching In Coimbatore
Best IAS Coaching In RaipurTop IAS Coaching In Ranchi
Best IAS Coaching In Dehradun