Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 22-11-2019
UPSC exam current affairs 22-11-2019- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.
- ‘TIGER TRIUMPH’
- UGC-AICTE Merger
- Surrogacy Bill
- FREE FASTAGS
- AVIAN BOTULISM
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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 22-11-2019 are followed in the part below:
UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (22-11-2019)
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- India’s foreign relations
- The first-historically speaking India and U.S. military tri-administrations work out ‘Tiger Triumph’ closed off the Kakinada coast, East Godavari region.
- This was the first tri-administrations practice by the two nations on philanthropic help and debacle alleviation (HADR).
- Aside from Indian Navy dispatch INS Jalashwa and U.S. Naval force deliver USS Germantown, more than 500 US Marines and mariners and 1,200 Indian troopers and officials took an interest in the activity.
- Exercise Tiger Triumph improved U.S.- India military-to-military relations and sharpened individual and little unit abilities with regards to a HADR situation.
- It uncovered Indian and U.S. powers to various preparing situations, weaponry and strategies.
- Through preparing next to each other and sharing prescribed procedures, both Indian and U.S. troops gained from each other as well as set up close to home and expert connections.
- India’s job as a balancing out force in the district is basic for exchange and travel between the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
- India and the United States have a mutual vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific district that gives flourishing and security to all.
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Education
- The Center has not taken any official conclusion on the merger of the University Grants Commission (UGC) and the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) to make a solitary controller for advanced education.
- A June 2018 variant of the draft HECI Bill had confronted complaints from States stressed they would lose self-governance under the new system just as worries that award disbursal powers were being moved from self-ruling bodies to the immediate control of the HRD Minister.
Higher Education Commission of India (HECI)
- The Center has chosen to build up a Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) in the spot of the University Grants Commission (UGC).
- The Bill nullifies the University Grants Commission Act, 1956 and sets up the Higher Education Commission of India (HECI).
- The HECI will keep up scholarly principles in advanced education by determining learning results for courses, indicating qualification criteria for Vice Chancellors, and requesting the conclusion of higher instructive foundations which neglect to hold fast to least measures.
- Each higher instructive establishment engaged to grant degrees or confirmations should apply to the HECI to start its first scholarly tasks.
- The HECI additionally has the ability to renounce authorization on determined grounds.
- The Bill sets up an Advisory Council led by the Union Minister of Human Resource Development. The Council will instruct on coordination and assurance regarding models in advanced education between the inside and states.
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-II- Health
- The Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019, was alluded to a select board of the Upper House , after a few MPs raised worries more than a few arrangements of the enactment, including making it compulsory for a surrogate to be a nearby family member.
- It accommodates constitution of surrogacy sheets at the national just as state levels to guarantee viable guideline.
- It looks to enable moral benevolent surrogacy to the aiming fruitless Indian wedded couple between the age of 23-50 years for female and 26-55 years for male.
- Just Indian couples who have been legitimately hitched for in any event 5 years would be permitted to settle on surrogacy.
- It makes it obligatory for the couple to acquire an endorsement of vitality and furthermore a testament of qualification before proceeding with surrogacy.
- It additionally gives that proposing couples ought not relinquish the kid conceived out of surrogacy under any condition.
- It also stipulates a separate eligibility criterion for the surrogate mother.
- The surrogate must be a close relative of the intending couple and be a married woman having a child of her own.
- She should between the age of 25-35 years, not have been surrogate earlier and must be certifiably mentally and physically fit.
- On the legal status of a surrogate child, the Bill states that any child born out of a surrogacy procedure shall be the biological child of the intending couple.
- The new born child shall be entitled to all rights and privileges that are available to a natural child.
- The Bill also seeks to regulate functioning of surrogacy clinics. All surrogacy clinics in the country need to be registered by the appropriate authority in order to undertake surrogacy or its related procedures.
- The Bill provides for various safeguards for surrogate mothers. One of them is insurance coverage for sometime to cover not only the period of pregnancy but after that also.
- It also specifies that no sex selection can be done when it comes to surrogacy.
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Technology
- FASTags, or reloadable labels for instalment at fee collection counters, will be accessible for nothing until November 30, Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari.
- The declaration comes seven days before FASTags become required at all the stalls on national interstates from December 1.
- FASTag is an electronic cost assortment framework in India, worked by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).
- It utilizes Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) innovation for making cost instalments straightforwardly from the paid ahead of time or bank account connected to it or legitimately cost proprietor.
- It is appended on the windscreen of the vehicle and empowers to pass through cost squares ceaselessly for exchanges. The tag can be bought from legitimate Tag guarantors or taking an interest Banks and in the event that it is connected to a prepaid record, at that point energizing or top-up can be according to the prerequisite.
- According to NHAI, FASTag has boundless legitimacy.
- 7.5% of cashback offers were likewise given to advance the utilization of FASTag.
- Committed Lanes at some Toll squares have been worked for FASTag.
- In January 2019, state-run oil showcasing organizations IOC, BPCL and HPCL have marked MoUs empowering the utilization of FASTag to make buys at oil siphons.
- As of September 2019, FASTag paths are accessible on more than 500 national and state thruways and over 54.6 lakh (5.46 million) vehicles are empowered with FASTag.
Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Environment
- The Indian Veterinary Research Institute affirmed that avian botulism — a neuro-solid ailment brought about by a poison that is delivered by a bacterial strain — was the reason for the ongoing mass mortality of flying creatures, at Sambhar Salt Lake in Rajasthan.
- In excess of 18,000 remains of flying creatures have been expelled from the lake and its catchment territory up until this point, raising worry among tree huggers.
- Avian Botulism is a strain of botulism that influences wild and hostage flying creature populaces, most eminently waterfowl.
- This is an immobile malady expedited by the Botulinum neurotoxin (Bont) of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. C. botulinum can be categorized as one of 7 unique sorts which are strains A through G.
- Type C Bont is most much of the time related to waterfowl mortality.
- The Type E strain is additionally normally connected with avian episodes and is every now and again found in fish species which is the reason most flare-ups happen in piscivorous feathered creatures.
- The land apportioned to the LuLu Group in Visakhapatnam had dropped because of a contest it was engaged with and natural standards.
- The task was dropped for two reasons. One, there was a question on the land and, second, it was against ecological standards. Also, standing rules are that a solitary offer ought not to be acknowledged
TOPIC: General Studies 2:
- Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
The US to sell $1 billion worth defence equipment to India
The US State Department has endorsed the closeout of maritime weapons and other hardware worth $1 billion to India for use against warships, hostile to flying machine and shore barrage.
- The Indian government has mentioned to purchase up to 13 MK 45 5 inch/62 gauge (MOD 4) maritime weapons and 3,500 D349 Projectile 5 inch/54 bore (MOD 1) ammo.
- Other hardware included ammo, save parts, workforce and gear preparing, productions and specialized information, transportation and US government and contractual worker specialized help and other related coordination support.
- The absolute assessed cost of the entirety of this gear is over $1 billion.
What is the MK 45 gun system?
- The MK 45 is a completely programmed maritime firearm framework that is introduced on ships and gives a Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS) scope of in excess of 20 nautical miles (36 km) alongside improved driving charge.
- This arrangement of firearms is as of now being used by the US Navy.
- The MOD 4 design weapon mount is accepted to help the shooting range by more than 50 percent, speeding up and scope of weapons.
- Different nations that have been sold the MOD 4 maritime weapons are Japan, Australia and South Korea.
- The US may likewise offer these weapons to different partners including Britain and Canada.
- The MK 45 Gun System will give the capacity to lead anti¬-surface fighting and hostile to air guard missions.
- It will improve interoperability with the US and other associated powers.
- India will utilize the improved capacity as an impediment to local dangers and fortify its country resistance.
- Since the 1990s, Indian international strategy adjusted to the unipolar world and grew nearer ties with the United States.
- Indian international strategy has tried to use India’s vital self-rule so as to protect sovereign rights and advance national interests inside a multi-polar world.
- Under the organizations of Presidents George W. Bramble and Barack Obama, the United States has exhibited settlement to India’s center national interests and recognized exceptional concerns.
- In 2016, India and the United States marked the Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement and India was pronounced a Major Defense Partner of the United States.
- The U.S. has four “primary” understandings that it signs with its guard accomplices.
- Lately, India has led enormous joint military activities with the US in the Indian Ocean.
- The USA as a component of its international strategy to counter China needs to make India as one of the significant safeguard accomplices for which it is in chats with Indian delegates to sell profoundly innovatively propelled predator rambles.
- US approach had been against atomic participation with India in earlier years since India had created atomic weapons against worldwide shows, and had never marked the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NNPT).
- The enactment Henry J. Hyde US–India Peaceful Atomic Cooperation Act makes room for India to get US atomic reactors and fuel for regular citizen use.
- India–United States Civil Nuclear Agreement additionally alluded to as the “123 Agreement” is a two-sided understanding for quiet atomic collaboration which oversees common atomic exchange among American and Indian firms to take an interest in one another’s affable atomic vitality division.
- For the consent to be operational, atomic sellers and administrators must agree to India’s 2010 Nuclear Liability Act which stipulates that atomic providers, temporary workers and administrators must bear monetary duty if there should arise an occurrence of a mishap.
- Unmistakable mechanical mishaps (1984 Bhopal substance gas catastrophe and the 2011 Fukushima atomic fiasco) has prompted a more prominent investigation by common society into corporate duty and money related risk commitments of merchants and administrators of basic foundation.
- In 2010, the Indian Parliament cast a ballot the Civil Liability for Nuclear Damage Act to address concerns and give the common obligation to atomic harm and brief remuneration to the casualties of an atomic occurrence.
- On 27 March 2019, India and the US consented to an arrangement “fortify two-sided security and common atomic collaboration” including the development of six American atomic reactors in India
Key milestones in India – US relations
- Increment in reciprocal exchange and speculation,
- Co-activity on worldwide security matters,
- Consideration of India in basic leadership on issues of worldwide administration (United Nations Security Council),
- Updated portrayal in exchange and venture gatherings (World Bank, IMF, APEC).
- Induction into multilateral fare control systems (MTCR, Wassenaar Arrangement, Australia Group).
- Backing for affirmation in the Nuclear Suppliers Group and joint-assembling through innovation sharing courses of action have become key achievements and a proportion of speed and headway on the way too nearer US–India relations.
Connecting the dots:
- U.S.- India Defense Ties Grow Closer as Shared Concerns in Asia Loom. Break down
TOPIC: General Studies 2:
- Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora.
A Tunisian rap song that triggered Arab Spring has suddenly become relevant again
- A week after the death of Tunisia’s first democratically elected president, the only stable democracy post the Arab Springs across the region of North Africa and the Middle East is set to face challenges to its hard-won democracy.
Background of the Arab Spring:
- In January 2011, following a month of fights against a harsh and degenerate absolutist system, President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was ousted and in the end supplanted by a creating vote based system.
- Tunisians had been fighting high joblessness, debasement, absence of the right to speak freely of discourse, nourishment swelling, poor living conditions and foul play.
- The nation had been seeing far-reaching disappointment and outrage by customary residents.
- The demise of natural product merchant Tarek el-Tayeb Mohamed Bouazizi who self-immolated to fight provocation exacerbated the strained socio-political circumstance in Tunisia.
- Political spectators trust Bouazizi’s demise went about as a trigger for the beginning of the Tunisian Revolution of 2011.
- The Arab Springs spread crosswise over North Africa and the Middle East.
- A month prior to the Tunisian Revolution started, Tunisian rapper Hamada Ben Amor, who performs under the name of El Général, discharged a political rap melody called ‘RaisLebled’ in December 2010.
- The around four-minute tune was an amazing dissent against the debasement of previous czar Ben Ali and reverberated especially with Tunisia’s childhood, making it the song of the devotion of the Tunisian Revolution.
- In the weeks that followed, Tunisia effectively figured out how to oust Ben Ali and his administration.
- BéjiCaïdEssebsi was made break Prime Minister, a post that he held for the rest of 2011. He surrendered in December of that year.
- In December 2014, Essebsi won parliamentary races, Tunisia’s sans first presidential decisions and became President of the nation.
- Tunisia, with its free decisions, secularism and fairly chose the head of state, was the main accomplishment of the Arab Springs, with Libya, Yemen and Syria have fallen into common war and uprisings squashed in countries like Bahrain and political insecurity somewhere else in the area.
- Issues of joblessness still didn’t get settled.
- There were predominant reactions that he was attempting to combine power in the nation.
- Absence of power following Essebsi’s passing are a portion of the issues testing Tunisia’s hard-won vote based opportunities.
- In 2019, eight years after the Tunisian Revolution, El Général’s raps from ‘RaisLebled’ are especially significant.
- The impacts of the Tunisian Revolution spread unequivocally to five different nations: Libya, Egypt, Yemen, Syria and Bahrain, where either the system was toppled or significant uprisings and social savagery happened, including riots, common wars or rebellions.
- Continued roadshows occurred in Morocco, Iraq, Algeria, Iranian Khuzestan, Lebanon, Jordan, Kuwait, Oman and Sudan.
- As of May 2018, just the uprising in Tunisia has brought about a change to established equitable administration.
- Late uprisings in Sudan and Algeria show that the conditions that began the Arab Spring are not leaving and political developments against dictatorship and abuse are as yet happening
Connecting the dots:
- The Arab world is home to 5% of the worldwide populace, yet represents half of all psychological oppressor assaults. Fundamentally examine
(TEST YOUR KNOWLEDGE)
Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)
- Correct answers of today’s questions will be provided in next day’s DNA section. Kindly refer to it and update your answers.
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Q1) Consider the following statements about FASTags :
- FASTagis an electronic toll collection system in India,
- It is operated by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).
Which of the above statements are correct:
- Only 1
- Only 2
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
Q2) Consider the following statements about Tiger triumph:
- The exercise represents the growing strategic partnership between Japan and India.
- It was the first-ever Tri-Services.
Which of the above statements are correct:
- Only 1
- Only 2
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2
Q3). Consider the following statements about Surrogacy bill :
- The surrogacy bill proposes a complete ban on commercial surrogacy
- Altruistic surrogacy involves no monetary compensation to the surrogate mother other than medical expenses and insurance coverage during the pregnancy.
Which of the above statements are not correct:
- Only 1
- Only 2
- Both 1 and 2
- Neither 1 nor 2