UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (16-12-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 16-12-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 16-12-2019

Current Affairs and News (16-12-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Call for Universalisation of Pradhan MantriMatruVandanaYojana (PMMVY)
  • Odisha students develop smart water dispenser
  • FASTags deadline extended
  • Strandhogg
  • MattuGulla
  • National Ganga Council (NGC)
  • US and China : ‘Phase One’ agreement
  • What UK poll result means for Brexit?

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 16-12-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (16-12-2019)

Call for Universalisation of Pradhan MantriMatruVandanaYojana(PMMVY)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II –Women & Governance

In News

  • The Pradhan MantriMatruVandanaYojana (PMMVY) was declared on December 31, 2016 which gives an advantage of ₹6,000 to pregnant and lactating moms for the introduction of the primary kid.
  • ₹5,000 would be dispensed in three portions after gathering a few conditionalities — enrollment of pregnancy, at any rate one bet natal registration, enlistment of labor and immunizations.
  • The rest of the money motivator of up to ₹1,000 is to be given under a different plan called the Janani Suraksha Yojana so that on a “normal” ladies get an all out total of ₹6,000.
  • The goal is to remunerate ladies for wage misfortune because of labor.
  • A portion of the reasons which has prompted avoidance of numerous recipients under PMMVY
    • Just for the principal conceived
    • Verification of address of conjugal home – which demonstrates trying for a love bird anticipating a kid and frequently dwelling in her natal home during pregnancy. She is then compelled to go from column to post to guarantee benefits.
    • Least age of 19 years – forgets about more youthful ladies, who dither in getting their relationships enrolled as the legitimate time of marriage is 18 years.
    • Spouses Aadhar Card – Affects single ladies which incorporate unwed moms, betrayed wives and widows
    • Dreary documentation: Total 6 application structures to be filled, with aggregate of 30 of 32 pages to be filled by the recipient
    • Upwards of 9 IDs to be created – Aadhaar card, voter ID card; proportion card duplicate of bank passbook and maternal and youngster security (MCP) card and so on.
  • Activists encourage for a requirement for auditing the plan and making it widespread by evacuating confinements on the quantity of kids just as including all ladies, regardless of whether they are in the formal or casual segment, occupied with paid or unpaid work.
  • Likewise, there is an interest that the total guaranteed ought to likewise be in any event comparable to least wages for ladies in independent work, unpaid work, or working for not exactly least wages
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019

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Odisha students develop smart water dispenser

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Science & Technology

In News

  • Three understudies of Odisha’s KendriyaVidyalaya, Berhampur, have built up a ‘shrewd water container’ to guarantee equivalent conveyance of drinking water through pipelines in any urban or provincial environment to battle future water emergency.
  • In August 2019, this undertaking was shortlisted as top 50 developments under ‘Atal Innovation Mission’ of NitiAyog.
  • The ‘Brilliant water container’ is an electronic water stream controlling system that can supplant the water meter and give control of measure of water supply to the experts for equivalent conveyance. These units will be straightforwardly associated with a focal server of the nearby administering body by GSM or Wi-Fi.
  • Cost of the model was simply ₹2,000. Its primary parts incorporate an effectively accessible microchip, a solenoid valve and a stream sensor.

About Atal Innovation Mission

  • It is a lead activity set up by the NITI Aayog to advance development and enterprise over the length and broadness of the nation.
  • Long haul objectives of AIM incorporate foundation and advancement of Small Business Innovation Research and Development at a national scale (AIM SBIR) for the SME/MSME/new companies and in reviving Science and Technology advancements in significant research organizations of the nation

FASTags deadline extended

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Science & Technology

In News

  • The government provided a request stretching out the cutoff time for FASTags to get obligatory by 30 days and requiring 25% of paths at cost courts to be kept open for money exchanges.
  • FASTag is an electronic cost assortment framework in India, worked by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI).
  • It utilizes Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) innovation for making cost installments straightforwardly from the paid ahead of time or investment account connected to it or legitimately cost proprietor.
  • It is appended on the windscreen of the vehicle and empowers to pass through cost courts ceaselessly for exchanges.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019

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Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Cyber Security

In News

  • The Union Home Ministry has sent an alarm to all States notice them about the defenselessness of the Android working framework to a bug called ‘StrandHogg.’
  • StrandHogg permits ongoing malware applications to act like certifiable applications and access client information of all sort.
  • This malware can then conceivably tune in to their discussions, get to photograph collection, read/send messages, make calls, record discussions and get login certifications to different records.
  • Pop-ups requesting authorization to send notices, messages and so on., are one of the principle passage focuses for ‘StrandHogg’ to dispatch the assault.

About Indian Cybercrime Coordination Centre (I4C) scheme

  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has revealed a plan ‘Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Center (I4C)’ which is a 7-Pronged Scheme to battle digital wrongdoing in the nation, in an organized and compelling way.
  • Segments of The I4C Scheme
    • National Cybercrime Threat Analytics Unit (TAU)
    • National Cybercrime Reporting
    • Stage for Joint Cybercrime Investigation Team
    • National Cybercrime Forensic Laboratory (NCFL) Ecosystem
    • National Cybercrime Training Center (NCTC)
    • Cybercrime Ecosystem Management Unit
    • National Cyber Research and Innovation Center


Part of: GS Prelims

In News

  • MattuGulla is an assortment of brinjal that has Geographical Indication (GI) tag
  • Known for its one of a kind taste, MattuGulla is developed in Mattu, Kaipunjal and Uliyargoli towns of Udupi locale inKarnataka
  • Around 200 ranchers develop this uncommon assortment of brinjal on around 120 sections of land of land from October to June.
  • The forte of MattuGulla, other than its taste, is that it has not so much seed but rather more mash
  • A fare system to UAE is being arranged so that MattuGulla gets sent out. As a result,the interest for it will increment and ranchers will get great cost for it.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019

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National Ganga Council (NGC)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Environment Conservation

In News

  • The National Ganga Council (NGC), which is going by Prime Minister Narendra Modi met just because at Kanpur since its commencement in 2016, with the proposition to spare and upgrade the number of inhabitants in the Gangetic Dolphin
  • The board additionally talked about the idea of “Stream Cities” and an activity intend to give sewer association with each family unit in towns along the Ganga and its tributaries.
  • The committee comprises of boss priests from five states along the Ganga — Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Bihar and Jharkhand alongside nine Union pastors and NITI Aayog bad habit administrator.
  • The focal goal of the chamber is to take a shot at the “insurance, anticipation, control and decrease of ecological contamination in River Ganga and its revival to its regular and perfect condition and to guarantee consistent sufficient progression of water”.

About Gangetic River Dolphins

  • The Gangetic waterway dolphins were authoritatively found in 1801 and are perhaps the most seasoned animal on the planet alongside certain types of turtles, crocodiles and sharks, as per the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).
  • In 2009, the Gangetic dolphins were proclaimed India’s National Aquatic creature
  • It is set under the “imperiled” classification by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
  • The Gangetic waterway dolphins can just live in freshwater and favor profound waters
  • They are visually impaired and get their prey in a one of a kind way, utilizing ultrasonic sound waves.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019

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TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Reciprocal, local and worldwide groupings and understandings including India as well as influencing India’s inclinations
  • Impact of arrangements and governmental issues of created and creating nations on India’s inclinations, Indian Diaspora.

US and China : ‘Phase One’ agreement

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019



  • US and China as of late declared a “Stage One” understanding
  • With this US will decrease a few taxes in return for expanded Chinese acquisition of American homestead and vitality merchandise.


  • Donald Trump in 2018 started setting levies and other exchange boundaries on China with the objective of constraining it to make changes to what the U.S. says are “out of line exchange rehearses” of China
  • Among those exchange rehearses and their belongings are the developing exchange shortage, the robbery of licensed innovation, and the constrained exchange of American innovation to China
  • The exchange war has brought battles for ranchers and producers and more significant expenses for buyers.
  • It has additionally caused monetary harm In certain nations, a few nations have profited by expanded assembling to fill the holes. It has additionally prompted securities exchange shakiness.

Impact of trade war on India :

  • The US makers are setting up their bases in India. For India, this will be gainful as it would make more employments for us.
  • There is a likelihood that China could before long beginning flooding abundance steel and aluminum into India’s market after this raised taxes on Chinese items by US.
  • Cell phones, coolers, clothes washers, ACs, water purifiers, and conceivably electric vehicles will currently observe expanded venture stream coordinated towards India.
  • The Indian customers will get the items at a less expensive rate yet the household makers of India should rival the Chinese imports or else face misfortune.
  • Indian makers will get a chance to fill this created hole and infiltrate in the US advertise. This will build their exchange and benefit.
  • There will be a transient effect on the securities exchanges.


  • The US will divide its 15 percent duty on about $120 billion in Chinese merchandise

China has consented to expand its all out acquisition of US merchandise and enterprises by in any event $200 billion throughout the following two years. Additionally included is a responsibility by China to expand its purchasing of US horticultural items

  • Addresses uncalled for money rehearses by resolving to shun aggressive depreciations and conversion standard focusing on. “This methodology will help strengthen macroeconomic and swapping scale security and help guarantee that China can’t utilize cash practices to unjustifiably go up against U.S. exporters”
  • China have made a deal to avoid forcing outside organizations to move their innovation to Chinese organizations.
  • The understanding additionally incorporate a contest goals instrument that will fill in as the implementation arm.


  • It would acquire just impermanent alleviation the more than 18-month-old exchange war between the US and China.
  • Does little to determine the United States’ greatest worries about China’s exchange works on, including its utilization of mechanical endowments and state-possessed undertakings to rule worldwide businesses like steel and sun oriented boards.
  • The arrangement would expand Chinese acquisition of American horticultural and vitality items,
  • It restrains on China’s capacity to debilitate its money and give more noteworthy insurance to US organizations that are working in China.

Way forward:

  • China and the United States, the world’s two biggest economies, must arrangement with two-sided financial and exchange relations with the master plan mind.
  • Arriving at the understanding will serve the basic interests of the individuals of the two nations and the world,
  • It is relied upon to expedite positive impacts regions including economy, exchange, venture and the money related market


  • The monetary and political advantages of de-heightening in the exchange war have gotten promptly obvious.
  • A rollback of taxes and retraction of new demands, bodes well for the US economy and for the World economy.

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think Phase One” understanding have a constructive outcome on Indian economy?


TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Reciprocal, local and worldwide groupings and understandings including India and additionally influencing India’s inclinations
  • Impact of approaches and governmental issues of created and creating nations on India’s inclinations, Indian Diaspora.

What UK poll result means for Brexit?

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019

Src: BI


  • English Prime Minister Boris Johnson won UK political decision


  • The probability of Brexit being put on the road to success.
  • the greatest annihilation of the Labor Party since 1935,
  • A breadth of Scotland’s seats by the Scottish National Party, and its suggestions on the plausibility of autonomy.

What does the result mean?

  • The size of the triumph makes way for a Britain of Johnson’s ideological vision — patriotism, with harder laws on migration
  • England will likewise have to manage Brexit’s impact on its economy.
  • This incorporates the long procedure of new two-sided exchange concurrences with numerous different nations.


Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 16th December 2019

Src: NYT

  • Brexit – British exit – alludes to the UK leaving the EU.
  • Brexit is the planned withdrawal of the United Kingdom (UK) from the European Union (EU).
  • As the UK parliament thrice casted a ballot against the arranged withdrawal understanding, that cutoff time has been expanded twice, and is as of now 31 October 2019.
  • The ‘Benn Act’ that went in Parliament requires the administration to look for a third expansion if no understanding is come to before 19 October.

Why is the UK leaving?

  • An open vote – or submission – was hung on Thursday 23 June 2016, to choose whether the UK should leave or remain.
  • Leave won by 52% to 48%. The choice turnout was exceptionally high at 72%, with in excess of 30 million individuals casting a ballot – 17.4 million individuals selecting Brexit.

What is the European Union?

  • The EU is a monetary and political association including 28 European nations. It permits unhindered commerce and free development of individuals to live and work in whichever nation they pick.
  • The UK participated in 1973 (when it was known as the European Economic Community). On the off chance that the UK leaves, it would be the primary part

What after Brexit?

  • EU will begin doing keeps an eye on British merchandise.
  • This could prompt postponements at ports, for example, Dover. Some dread this could prompt traffic bottlenecks, disturbing stockpile courses and harming the economy.
  • On the off chance that the pound falls pointedly because of no arrangement and there are noteworthy postponements at ports, similar to Dover, it could influence the cost and accessibility of certain nourishments.
  • There are additionally worries over potential deficiencies of drugs.

Advantages and disadvantages for India 

Link :1


  • India should re-haggle with the UK and EU the World Trade Organization Schedules of Concessions, for the two products and ventures, should continue its FTA discourses with the EU, and ought to plan to dispatch FTA converses with the UK.

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you figure India will get more open doors in Britain after BREXIT?
  • Do you think BREXIT is Detrimental for the worldwide economy ?


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Phase One Agreement recently seen in news

  1. It is a trade agreement which is signed recently between USA and China
  2. The deal addresses core US demand that China curb subsidies to its state-owned firms, which has allowed China to dominate global industries like Steel & Solar panels.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Pradhan MantriMatruVandanaYojana (PMMVY)

  1. It is being implemented by Ministry of Women and Child Development which gives a benefit of ₹6,000 to pregnant and lactating mothers for the birth of the first child.
  2. Its objective is to compensate women for wage loss due to child birth.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about FASTags :

  1. FASTag is an electronic toll collection system in India.
  2. It is operated by NITI Aayog in collaboration with Private IT company – Infosys Technology Ltd.

Which of the above statement(s) are correct?

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Indian Cybercrime Coordination Centre (I4C) scheme is being implemented by which Union Ministry?

  1. Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology
  2. Ministry of Home Affairs
  3. Ministry of Defence
  4. None of the above

Q.5) National Ganga Council is headed by ______

  1. Minister of Environment, Forests and Climate Change
  2. Minister of Jal Shakti
  3. Prime Minister
  4. Chief Minister of Ganga States on rotation basis

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