UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (16-11-2019)

upsc exam current affairs 16-11-2019

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 16-11-2019

UPSC exam current affairs 16-11-2019- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Consumer expenditure survey 2017-18
  • 2022 Commonwealth Games
  • Wholesale and retail inflation
  • CBI
  • Forest Act of 1927

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 16-11-2019 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (16-11-2019)

Consumer expenditure survey 2017-18

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Economy

In News

  • The administration has chosen to scrap the National Statistical Office’s (NSO’s) shopper consumption study led in 2017-18 over “information quality”.
  • The service is independently analyzing the achievability of leading the following shopper consumption overview in 2020-21 and 2021-22 subsequent to consolidating all information quality refinements in the study procedure.
  • The discoveries of the report, distributed by scarcely any media, demonstrated purchaser investing succumbing to the main energy in more than four decades in 2017-18. The administration has, be that as it may, named it a “draft” report.

About Consumer Expenditure Survey

  • The Survey produces gauges family Monthly Per Capita Consumer Expenditure (MPCE) and the appropriation of families and people over the MPCE classes.
  • It is intended to gather data with respect to use on the utilization of products and ventures (nourishment and non-nourishment) devoured by families.
  • The administration utilizes this dataset to assess destitution and disparity in the nation, aside from utilizing it for changing the base year for total national output (GDP).
  • The last round of review occurred in 2011-12.
  • Buyer consumption reviews are ordinarily led with a hole of five years. However, in 2011-12, the study was directed following two years, like 2009-10, when the last round of the review occurred, was a dry season year

Did You know?

  • In mid-2019, the administration consolidated the Central Statistics Office (CSO) and the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) into the National Statistical Office (NSO).
  • It was done to streamline and reinforce the present nodal capacity of MOSPI regarding Indian authority measurements framework and acquire more cooperative energy by incorporating its authoritative capacities inside the service.
  • The CSO took used to bring off full scales financial information like monetary (GDP) development information, mechanical generation and expansion.
  • The NSSO led huge scale overviews and brings out reports on wellbeing, training, family unit consumption and other social and monetary pointers.

2022 Commonwealth Games

Part of: GS Prelims

In News

  • The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) needs to avoid the 2022 Commonwealth Games.
  • The IOA’s uncommon advance came after the coordinators of the 2022 CWG, which will be held in Birmingham, dropped shooting from the program in June. Rather, they have incorporated ladies’ cricket, para table tennis and seashore volleyball.
  • The choice to drop shooting was taken essentially in light of the fact that the coordinators were quick to incorporate those games for which Birmingham and the more extensive West Midlands area had the offices.
  • England’s extreme firearm laws, which makes it exceptionally intense for competitors to enter the nation with weapons, were a hindrance also.
  • In any case, India didn’t acknowledge this rationale. Shooting has been the wellspring of one-fourth of India’s awards at the Commonwealth Games. It has been contended that expulsion of shooting will see a lofty fall in India’s situation on the general award’s count.
  • In the event that India really pulls back from the Games, competitors will be the ones generally influenced. Not exclusively will they be ransacked of contending in a significant worldwide occasion, yet they will pass up different motivators too.
  • Competitors winning awards at the CWG get powerful prize cash, with focus reserving Rs 30 lakh for gold medallists, Rs 20 lakh for silver victors and Rs 10 lakh for bronze medallists.

Do You Know?

  • It is a standard practice for the hosts to pick sports wherein they are solid.
  • For instance, in 2010, India prohibited b-ball and marathon from the program and included tennis, bows and arrows and wrestling.
  • Four years before that, Australia had dropped wrestling

Wholesale and retail inflation

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Economy

In News

  • Late information shows that the two rates are veering – The WPI swelling for October has contacted a 40-month low (0.16%). However, retail inflation(CPI) in the nation for that month has contacted a 16-month high.
  • This basically implies while costs are falling or developing at a negligible rate at the discount level, the pattern turns around at the retail shopper level, where costs are developing at a quicker rate each progressive month.
  • This deceleration in discount costs has occurred notwithstanding a critical hop in discount nourishment prices.WPI nourishment swelling rose to 7.6 % basically drove by flood in costs of vegetables and heartbeats.
  • In any case, what kept on pulling down generally discount expansion number was the proceeded “emptying” (that is, costs tumbling starting with one month then onto the next) in produced products.

Reasons for such divergence

  • Some piece of the contrast between the discount and retail expansion patterns is clarified by the manner in which these records are made.
  • For example, nourishment articles have a lot higher weight — more than 45 percent — in CPI or retail expansion record. In WPI, their weight is under 30 percent.
  • At that point, there are different things, for example, “administrations” which have a load of around 30 percent that must be found in retail swelling. A spike in these costs clearly knocks up just the retail expansion while leaving the discount swelling unaffected

Has this happened before?

  • Between 2012 to 2015 there was a developing dissimilarity among retail and discount expansion lists. By October 2015, discount swelling was negative — that is, real costs were declining — while the retail expansion was more than 7 %.
  • While seething nourishment expansion was a donor, the spike in administrations, for example, instruction and restorative offices was the most compelling motivation for this disparity in 2015.

Impact on Policy making

  • On the off chance that the RBI takes a gander at retail expansion, which is at 4.6 percent and is required to remain over the 4 percent mark till March 2020, it is relied upon to raise financing costs and cut down swelling.
  • In any case, if it somehow managed to take a gander at WPI, the strategy exhortation would be totally unique. The RBI would then be relied upon to cut rates further


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – Security

In News

  • The Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has set up an Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (OCSAE) Prevention/Investigation Unit.
  • The unit, which will work under the organization’s Special Crime Zone in Delhi, will gather and disperse data on online kid sexual maltreatment and abuse.
  • It will likewise test such offences secured under the IPC, the Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses Act and the Information Technology Act, aside from other applicable laws.

About CBI

  • It is the head examining office of India. It examines a few financial violations and unique wrongdoings.
  • It works under the ward of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
  • The CBI follows its root to the Special Police Establishment (SPE) which was set up in 1941 by the Government of India.
  • The Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946 moved the superintendence of the SPE to the Home Department and its capacities were expanded to cover all branches of the Govt. of India.
  • The DSPE obtained its well known current name, Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), through a Home Ministry goals dated 1.4.1963.
  • Since 1987, there are two examination divisions in the CBI, to be specific, Anti-Corruption Division and Special Crimes Division, the last managing instances of customary wrongdoing, other than financial offenses.

Forest Act of 1927

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Governance

In News

  • The Union Environment Ministry withdrew a draft amendment that proposed updates to the Indian Forest Act, 1927.
  • Some of the contentious issues in the proposed amendments to the act are:
    • Forest officers can issue search warrants, enter and investigate land within their jurisdiction
    • Forest officers will get indemnity for using arms to prevent forest-related offences
    • Forest officials will get powers to remove tribals from areas earmarked for conservation
    • It will allow the government to open any patch of the forest it deems fit for commercial operations
    • The imposition of forest development cess of up to 10% of the assessed value of mining products removed from forests, and water used for irrigation or in industries. This amount would be deposited in a special fund and used exclusively for reforestation and forest protection measures
  • This proposed provision drew flak from activists, tribal welfare organisations as well as from state governments which led Central government to drop the proposal.



  • The National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) will before long think of a specific unit in every regiment to help save landmarks and other legacy structures battered by catastrophes.
  • This is separated from its fundamental obligation of salvage and rebuilding.
  • There will be a lot of workforce in every brigade of NDRF who will get the essential preparing on saving landmarks.
  • This work force will have a type of experiences with respect to how to protect legacy structures in the pre and post-calamity situation.

About NDRF

  • It was framed in 2006 under the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
  • It is a specific power to handle a wide range of catastrophe, including atomic, natural and concoction debacles.
  • It is engaged with Search and salvage activities and Supplying of alleviation materials to the people in question.



TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Indian Constitution-verifiable underpinnings, advancement, highlights, alterations, critical arrangements and fundamental structure.
  • Capacities and duties of the Union and the States, issues and difficulties relating to the government structure, devolution of forces and funds up to neighbourhood levels and difficulties in that.

Anti-defection law


  • Preeminent Court maintained the speaker’s choice to preclude 17 MLAs who surrendered from Congress, JDS.
  • The surrender prompted the fall of Congress-JDS alliance govt in Karnataka.
  • Congress called the BJP govt, which later came to control, and illicit govt.
  • The MLAs, be that as it may, can challenge the up and coming bypolls.

SC :

Under Article 193 has been examined, Not mentioning nay objective fact in regards to the benefits of preclusion. Thusly, there is no uncertainty that preclusion identifies with the date when the demonstration happens. The speaker in the activity of forces doesn’t have the ability to show the period for which an individual is banished from challenging a political race.


  • Get together races in 2018 came about with the BJP developing as the single biggest gathering with 104 seats.
  • The INC and JD(S) shaped a dominant part alliance government after the political decision, with a consolidated 120 of the 224 seats.
  • Karnataka speaker had excluded the 17 lawmakers of the decision Congress-JD(S) alliance in front of a trust vote in July.
  • The then boss clergyman HD Kumaraswamy had surrendered in the wake of losing the trust vote, which prepared for the BJP-drove government in the state under BS Yediyurappa.
  • Bypolls to 15 out of these 17 get together seats which fell empty after the preclusion of MLAs are booked on December 5 and competitors are required to document their designation papers between November 11 and November 18.
  • These precluded MLAs as of late moved toward the peak court looking for a course to the Election Commission to delay the get-together by-surveys for these 15 seats till the profession of the decision in the issue.
  • A portion of these excluded MLAs had contended in the pinnacle court that they have an “indefeasible right” to leave as individuals from the get-together and the choice by the then Speaker to preclude them bears a resemblance to “retribution” and “mala fide”.

Anti defection law:

  • On the off chance that the part willfully surrenders participation of the gathering on whose ticket s/he is chosen.
  • On the off chance that the part casts a ballot or declines casting a ballot in the House in opposition to any bearing of his/her gathering.
  • Preclusion might be maintained a strategic distance from if the gathering authority overlooks the vote or abstention inside 15 days.

After disqualification:

  • On the off chance that an individual from the present House (fifteenth administrative get together) is precluded, it implies s/he can’t challenge any political race to the fifteenth House. Be that as it may, s/he can challenge the following get together political race (to the sixteenth House). Likewise, Article 164 (1B) of the Constitution expresses a part who has been precluded can’t be made a clergyman till the expiry of their term, or till s/he is reappointed.
  • On the off chance that an MLA is precluded on conviction for specific offences, he will be excluded for a time of six years under Section 8 of the Representation of People’s (RP) Act. Be that as it may, Section 8 (4) of the RP Act offers security to MPs and MLAs as they can proceed in office much after conviction if intrigue is recorded inside a quarter of a year.

Time limit :

  • The law does not specify a time period for the presiding officer to decide on a disqualification plea.

Resignation vs disqualification

  • On the off chance that the part intentionally surrenders participation of the gathering on whose ticket s/he is chosen.
  • On the off chance that the part casts a ballot or keeps away from casting a ballot in the House in opposition to any course of his/her gathering.

Connecting the dots:

  • In Karnataka’s recent defection case, the legislators have sent a sworn affidavit saying that they have resigned. Should this not bring the matter to rest? Analyse


TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Issues relating to the development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

National Education Policy 2019 (Part 1)


  • Four parts focussing on school training; advanced education; other key zones like grown-up instruction, innovation and advancement of expressions and culture; and a segment on getting it going by setting up a summit body and the budgetary viewpoints to make quality instruction reasonable for all.
  • The pledge to twofold the administration consumption on training from about 10% to 20% over a 10-year time frame is as yet lacking, given the hugeness of the test, it is a phenomenal duty to the division.

Dr. K. Kasturirangan committee

  • The Committee was comprised by the Ministry of Human Resource Development in June 2017.
  • The report proposes instruction arrangement, which looks to address the difficulties of: (I) get to, (ii) value, (iii) quality, (iv) reasonableness, and (v) responsibility looked by the present training framework.

Draft Education policy: 

  • The draft Policy provides for reforms at all levels of education from school to higher education. 
  • It seeks to increase the focus on early childhood care, reform the current exam system, strengthen teacher training, and restructure the education regulatory framework. 
  •  It also seeks to set up a National Education Commission, increase public investment in education, strengthen the use of technology and increase focus on vocational and adult education, among others.  

Key observations and recommendations 

School Education

The Committee observed several quality-related deficiencies in the existing early childhood learning programmes.  These include (i) curriculum that doesn’t meet the developmental needs of children, (ii) lack of qualified and trained teachers, and (iii) substandard pedagogy. 

This will consist of:

(i) Guidelines for up to three-year-old children (for parents and teachers), and 

(ii) Educational framework for three to eight-year-old children.  This would be implemented by improving and expanding the Anganwadi system and co-locating anganwadis with primary schools

The Right to Education Act, 2009 (RTE Act): 

  • Currently, the RTE Act provides for free and compulsory education to all children from the age of six to 14 years.
  • The draft Policy recommends extending the ambit of the RTE Act to include early childhood education and secondary school education.
  • This would extend the coverage of the Act to all children between the ages of three to 18 years.
  • Continuous and comprehensive evaluation and the no-detention policy must be reviewed.
  • It states that there should be no detention of children till class eight. Instead, schools must ensure that children are achieving age-appropriate learning levels.

Curriculum framework: 

  • The current structure of school education must be restructured on the basis of the development needs of students.

(i) five years of foundational stage (three years of pre-primary school and classes one and two),  (ii) three years of preparatory stage (classes three to five), (iii) three years of middle stage (classes six to eight), and (iv) four years of secondary stage (classes nine to 12). 

  • The Committee noted that the current education system solely focuses on rote learning of facts and procedures. Hence, it recommends that the curriculum load in each subject should be reduced to its essential core content.  This would make space for holistic, discussion and analysis-based learning. 

School exam reforms: 

The Committee noted that the current board examinations

 (i) Force students to concentrate only on a few subjects, 

(ii) Do not test learning in a formative manner, and 

(iii) Cause stress among students.  

  • The draft Policy proposes State Census Examinations in classes three, five and eight. Further, it prescribes rebuilding the board assessments to test just centre ideas, aptitudes and higher-request limits.
  • These board assessments will be on the scope of subjects. The understudies can pick their subjects, and the semester when they need to take these board tests. The in-school last assessments might be supplanted by these board assessments.

School infrastructure: 

  • The Committee noticed that building upgrade schools in each home the nation over has helped increment access to training. Be that as it may, it has prompted the improvement of extremely little schools (having a low number of understudies).
  •  This will guarantee that assets, for example, foundation and prepared instructors can be productively shared over a school complex.

Teacher management: 

  • The Committee noticed that there has been a lofty ascent in an instructor deficiency, absence of expertly qualified educators, and arrangement of instructors for non-instructive purposes.
  • Suggests that educators ought to be conveyed with a specific school complex for in any event five to seven years. Further, educators won’t be permitted to take an interest in any non-showing exercises, (for example, cooking early afternoon dinners or taking part in immunization crusades) during school hours that could influence their instructing limits.

Regulation of schools: 

  • The draft Policy prescribes isolating the guideline of schools from angles, for example, policymaking, school activities, and scholastic improvement.
  • It proposes making an autonomous State School Regulatory Authority for each express that will recommend essential uniform principles for open and tuition-based schools.
  • The Department of Education of the State will define arrangement and direct checking and supervision.

Higher Education

  • As indicated by the All India Survey on Higher Education, the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in advanced education in India has expanded from 20.8% in 2011-12 to 25.8% in 2017-18.
  •  The Committee distinguished absence of access as a significant explanation for low admission of advanced education in the nation.
  • It means to expand GER to half by 2035 from the present degree of about 25.8%. Key proposals in such manner include:
  • The Committee proposes setting up the National Higher Education Regulatory Authority (NHERA).
  • This autonomous authority would supplant the current individual controllers in advanced education, including proficient and professional instruction.
  • This suggests the job of every single proficient gathering, for example, AICTE and the Bar Council of India would be restricted to setting models for proficient practice.
  • The job of the University Grants Commission (UGC) will be constrained to giving awards to higher instructive establishments.
  • At present, the National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an accreditation body under the UGC.
  • The draft Policy prescribes isolating NAAC from the UGC into a free and self-governing body.
  • In its new job, NAAC will work as the top-level accreditor and will give licenses to various accreditation foundations, who will evaluate higher instructive organizations once every five to seven years. All current advanced education foundations ought to be licensed by 2030.

Establishment of new higher educational institutions:

  • As of now, advanced education foundations must be set up by Parliament or state lawmaking bodies.
  •  The draft Policy suggests that these foundations could be permitted to be set up through a Higher Education Institution Charter from NHERA.
  • This Charter will be granted based on a straightforward appraisal of certain predetermined criteria.
  • All such recently comprised higher instructive organizations must get accreditation as ordered by NHERA inside five years of being built up.

Restructuring of higher education institutions

(i) Research universities focusing equally on research and teaching; 

(ii) Teaching universities focusing primarily on teaching; and

 (iii) Colleges focusing only on teaching at undergraduate levels.  All such institutions will gradually move towards full autonomy – academic, administrative, and financial.

Establishing a National Research Foundation:

  • India additionally falls behind numerous countries in number of specialists (per lakh populace), licenses and productions.
  • Instruction, for the greater part of us, is an important open great integral to the assignment of country building and, as the outside air, is important to make our networks wake up;


  • it ought not to be driven exclusively by advertise interest for specific abilities, or be diverted by the as a matter of fact troublesome effect, for example, of Artificial Intelligence.
  • This type of training ought to be unshackled from the chains of hardship, and “reasonable” instruction, for example in JNU, is fundamental to guarantee access to even the most underestimated segments of our nation.
  • Instruction arrangement, fundamentally, must plan to deliver touchy, inventive and upstanding residents who are happy to take the less-voyaged way and whose expert “abilities” will suffer upheavals in intuition and innovation.

Connecting the dots:

  • New training strategy passes upon a basic opportunity to address disparities in the framework. Examine


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Household Consumer Expenditure Survey is brought out by which Organisation/Union Ministry?

  1. NITI Aayog
  2. Ministry of Statistics & Programme Implementation
  3. Reserve Bank of India
  4. Ministry of Labour

Q.2) Consider the following statements about divergence between WPI and CPI

  1. India is witnessing for the first time the divergence in rates between WPI and CPI, where WPI inflation is at only 0.16% while retail inflation(CPI) is at 4.6%
  2. One of the reasons for such divergence is price surge in services which have a weight of about 30 per cent that can only be found in retail inflation

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

  1. It operates under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions.
  2. Recently, it has set up an Online Child Sexual Abuse and Exploitation (OCSAE) Prevention/Investigation Unit which will collect and disseminate information on online child sexual abuse and exploitation

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF)

  1. It was formed under the Disaster Management Act, 2005
  2. It is trained to tackle all types of disasters except nuclear, biological and chemical disasters which are handled by National Security guards

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Consider the following statements Common Wealth Games (CWG)

  1. The 2022 CWG will be held in Melbourne, Australia
  2. India wants to skip the CWG-2022 because shooting has been removed from the games which have been the source of one-fourth of India’s medals at the Commonwealth Games

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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