UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (04-01-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 04-01-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 04-01-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 04-01-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Lord Curzon
  • Savitribai Phule
  • Extraocular vision
  • National Human Rights Commission

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 04-01-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (04-01-2020

Lord Curzon

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-I- Modern history

In News

  • Master Curzon, India’s Viceroy somewhere in the range of 1899 and 1905, was one of the most dubious and considerable holders of that post.
  • The segment of the unified Bengal Presidency in 1905 was one of Curzon’s most.
  • censured moves, which offered catalyst to the opportunity development (Swadeshi development)
  • The segment was at long last turned around in 1911 by Lord Hardinge even with tenacious restriction.


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I- Geography

In News

  • He turned into the most youthful Viceroy of India in 1899 at age 39 and stayed in office until his abdication in 1905.
  • The upper east, or winter, rainstorm has finished on a high, with general surplus precipitation being recorded for the season.
  • North-East storm lasting an element of the Indian subcontinent’s atmosphere framework – from October to December – precipitation is experienced over Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh, alongside certain pieces of Telangana and Karnataka.
  • Winter storm season contributes just 11 percent to India’s yearly precipitation of 1,187 mm. South-west Summer rainstorm season between June-September achieve 75 percent of India’s yearly precipitation (the rest of the downpour comes in other non-storm months).
  • Numerous different pieces of the nation, similar to the Gangetic fields and northern states, additionally get some downpour in November and December yet this isn’t because of the upper east rainstorm. It is caused principally by the Western Disturbances.
  • Western Disturbance: It is eastbound moving precipitation bearing breeze framework that begins past Afghanistan and Iran, getting dampness from to the extent the Mediterranean Sea, even the Atlantic Ocean.

Savitribai Phule

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains –I- Modern history, Society

In News

  • Savitribai Phule, the social reformer who is viewed as one of India’s first current women’s activists, was conceived on January 3, 1831.
  • Both Savitribai Phule and her significant other Jyotirao Phule went on to establish India’s first school for young ladies called Bhide Wada in Pune in 1848.
  • The Phules began the Satyashodhak Samaj (Society for Truth-Seeking), through which they needed to start the act of Satyashodhak marriage, in which no share was taken.
  • The Phules additionally began the Literacy Mission in India between 1854-55.
  • Savitribai Phule is particularly associated with being India’s first female educator who worked for the upliftment of ladies and untouchables in the field of instruction and proficiency.

Extraocular vision

Part of: GS Prelims

In News

  • The capacity to see without eyes is known as extraocular vision
  • Most recent research shows that types of weak stars, which are family members of starfish, can see despite the fact that it doesn’t have eyes. It turns out to be just the subsequent animal, after an ocean urchin animal categories, known to have this capacity
  • The fragile star sees with the assistance of light-detecting cells that spread its whole body. These light-detecting cells give the fragile star visual boosts, enabling it to perceive coarse structures, for example, rocks

National Human Rights Commission

Part of: GS Prelims and GS II- Indian Polity

In News

  • NHRC issued a notice to the Rajasthan government in connection with the deaths of over 100 children at the government-run hospital in Kota, Rajasthan in December 2019.

Value Addition for Prelims

  • NHRC gave a notification to the Rajasthan government regarding the passings of more than 100 kids at the administration run an emergency clinic in Kota, Rajasthan in December 2019.
  • NHRC of India is an autonomous statutory body built up in 1993 according to arrangements of Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993, later altered in 2006.
  • It was set up incongruity with the Paris Principles, received for the advancement and security of human rights in Paris (October 1991) and supported by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 20 December 1993.
  • NHRC is a multi-part body which comprises of a Chairman and seven different individuals delegated by the President, on the proposal of the powerful board headed by Prime Minister. Out of the seven individuals, three are an ex-officio part.
  • NHRC can just make suggestions, without the ability to authorize choices.
  • NHRC doesn’t have any instrument of examination. In larger part cases, it asks the concerned Central and State Governments to examine the instances of the infringement of Human Rights.

Zonal Councils

Part of: GS Prelims and GS II- Indian Polity

In News

  • The 25th gathering of the Western Zonal Council, to be led by Union Home Minister, will be co-led by Maharashtra Chief Minister

Value Addition for Prelims

  • The Zonal Councils are the statutory (and not the protected) bodies. They are built up by an Act of the Parliament, that is, States Reorganization Act of 1956.
  • The demonstration partitioned the nation into five zones (Northern, Central, Eastern, Western and Southern) and gave a zonal committee to each zone. The Union Home Minister is the regular director of the five Zonal Councils
  • While framing these zones, a few components have been considered which include: the normal divisions of the nation, the stream frameworks and methods for correspondence, the social and phonetic partiality and the necessities of monetary advancement, security and peace.
  • Notwithstanding the above Zonal Councils, a North-Eastern Council was made by a different Act of Parliament—the North-Eastern Council Act of 1971.
  • These are warning bodies that will examine and make proposals with respect to any matter of normal enthusiasm for the field of monetary and social arranging between the Center and States.



TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian Diaspora

US-Iran: Qassem Soleimani, the head of Iran’s elite Quds Force Killed


  • Strains between the United States and Iran raised after a US air assault executed Qassem Soleimani, the leader of Iran’s tip-top Quds Force, and Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, the agent authority of Iran-supported local armies known as the Popular Mobilization Forces, or PMF.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 4th January 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 4th January 2020



  • These passings are a potential defining moment in the Middle East and are required to draw extreme counter from Iran and the powers it moves in the locale against Israel and US interests.

About Soleimani:

  • Soleimani, had a remarkable superstar status among Iran’s military heads, was exceptionally famous among the hardliners.
  • He was near the Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who once considered him a “living saint of the unrest”.
  • He was additionally the fundamental modeller of Iran’s ongoing outside tasks, essentially in Syria and Iraq, which were pivotal in sparing the system of Bashar al-Assad in Syria and overcoming the Islamic State (IS) in the two nations.


  • The assault has just slaughtered off even the probability of renegotiating the atomic arrangement.
  • Iran may consider this to be a demonstration of war like any sovereign nation would do.
  • It could trigger various assaults over the area, destabilizing it further, causing overwhelming setbacks and help the jihadist gatherings, for example, al-Qaeda and the IS pull together and reappear.
  • Continued assaults on oil tankers and other low hanging, however, high-esteem monetary targets, especially in the oil area.

Impact on India:

  • India should be on the correct side of the U.S., our ties with Iran, have their very own geostrategic rationale.
  • Rises India’s oil import bill.
  • Makes troubles in provisions,
  • The security of an expected 8,000,000 exiles in the Gulf might be influenced.
  • Iran has the ability to impact the U.S.- Taliban harmony process in Afghanistan which could affect India.
  • The plausibility of some of Shia Muslims being radicalized by this occasion can’t be precluded.


  • U.S. President Donald Trump is answerable for where U.S.- Iran ties stand today as he without any help pulverized the co-activity between the two countries set up by the 2015 Iran atomic arrangement by singularly pulling the U.S. out of the understanding in 2018 and reimposing sanctions on Iran.
  • By attacking the delicate harmony haggled over years between world forces, Mr Trump, in a solitary demonstration, pushed both the U.S. what’s more, Iran down a perilous slant.

Connecting the dots:

  • How to think Iran – US relations Impacts India?
  • What would be the next step of Iran?


TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Significant parts of administration, straightforwardness and responsibility, e-administration applications, models, victories, constraints, and potential; residents contracts, straightforwardness and responsibility and institutional and different measures

Civic technology: An Indian Case 


  • Municipal innovation, or city tech, improves the connection between the individuals and government with programming for correspondences, basic leadership, administration conveyance, and political procedure.
  • It incorporates data and interchanges innovation supporting the government with programming worked by network drove groups of volunteers, non-benefits, advisors, and privately owned businesses.

India’s Case: IChangeMyCity

  • In the Indian setting, metro innovation can comprehensively be separated into two subjects—instruments planned for improving municipal commitment, and those coordinated at streamlining taxpayer-supported organizations.
  • In 2012, IChangeMyCity empowered residents to share objections about metro issues through its foundation.
  • It additionally gave regions continuous complaint information to determine.
  • Associations, for example, Reap Benefit, through their online stage, work with youngsters to make answers for city issues, for example, minimal effort sanitation frameworks from disposed of plastic.

Foreign Example:

  • Since 2014, the vTaiwan venture, which began as a residential development, has been attempting to assemble agreement among Taiwanese residents about petulant issues.
  • Agreement determined through vTaiwan is used to draft new laws and guidelines for residents.
  • In the US, utilizes innovation to enlist voters and increment voter turnout.

Case study:

  • A field specialist for his neighbourhood corporate in Mumbai sees that in his ghetto dengue guarantees a few lives each storm. Specialists choose not to see in light of the fact that the passings are frequently not recorded.
  • Fieldworker utilizes an online apparatus, intended to direct reviews in low education regions, to accumulate criticism from his locale.
  • He gives his corporate information that expresses that 94% of inhabitants in his ghetto know about the reasons for dengue, yet, the infection stays across the board in view of revealed sewage lines.
  • The company introduces this information to the district and the sewage lines are quickly secured, forestalling further dengue passings.


  • In India, a developing number of web clients is combined with a youthful populace, acquainted with requesting investment in all features of their lives, remembering more prominent support for the administration. This mix is pushing governments to be increasingly participatory and effective.

Connecting the dots:

  • How do you think Civic Technology leads to good governance?
  • Do you think it brings in transparency into the system?


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about Lord

  1. He became the youngest Viceroy of India in 1899 at age 39 and remained in office until his resignation in 1905
  2. It was during his tenure as Viceroy that Bengal was partitioned in 1905 which was finally reversed in 1911 by Lord Hardinge

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Northeast monsoons

  1. It does not have anything to do with India’s Northeast, even though a part of the system does originate from the area above it. Rather, it derives its name from the direction in which it travels — from the northeast to the southwest.
  2. The northeast monsoon brings rain to just five of the 36 meteorological divisions in the country

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Satyashodhak Samaj was started by _________ 

  1. Bal Gangadhar Tilak
  2. Raja Ram Mohan Roy
  3. Dayananda Saraswati
  4. Savitribai Phule & Jyotiba Phule

Q.4) Consider the following statements about Zonal Councils

  1. They are the statutory bodies established by an Act of the Parliament, that is, States Reorganisation Act of 1956 & North-Eastern Council Act of 1971.
  2. Prime Minister is the Common Chairman of all Zonal Councils

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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