UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (03-01-2020)

upsc exam current affairs 03-01-2020

Highlights |UPSC Exam Current Affairs 03-01-2020

UPSC exam current affairs 03-01-2020 The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Mobile Aided Note Identifier (MANI)
  • Aadhaar: Must for Welfare Pension in Odisha
  • DRDO Young Scientists Laboratories (DYSL)
  • Indian Science Congress: 107th Edition to begin in Bengaluru
  • Sugar production has fallen

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UPSC Exam Current Affairs 03-01-2020 are followed in the part below:

UPSC Exam Current Affairs and News Analysis (03-01-2020

Mobile Aided Note Identifier (MANI)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Science & Technology

In News

  • RBI has propelled a versatile application, Mobile Aided Note Identifier (MANI) to assist outwardly tested individuals with identifying the division of money notes.
  • Through the downloaded application, clients can check the notes utilizing the camera. The sound yield will give the outcome in Hindi and English.
  • The application can likewise work disconnected once it is introduced.

Aadhaar: Must for Welfare Pension in Odisha

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II- Governance 

In News

  • The Odisha government has declared that solitary recipients with Aadhaar card will be given annuity under the National Social Assistance Program (NSAP) and the Madhubabu Pension Yojana (MBPY).
  • NSAP is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Government of India that gives monetary help to the old, widows and people with handicaps as social benefits.
  • NSAP at present contains Indira Gandhi National Old Age Pension Scheme (IGNOAPS), Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS), Indira Gandhi National Disability Pension Scheme (IGNDPS), National Family Benefit Scheme (NFBS) and Annapurna.
  • NSAP speaks to a noteworthy advance towards the satisfaction of the Directive Principles in Article 41 of the Constitution.
  • The MBPY recipients, who incorporate older, widows, people with incapacities and HIV/AIDS-influenced patients, get ₹500 to ₹700 every month. Be that as it may, they should not be a piece of any Central plans.

DRDO Young Scientists Laboratories (DYSL)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains -III- Security

In News

  • Five guard research facilities drove by under-35 executives and youthful military researchers were officially propelled by Government
  • Objective: To drive the nation’s war advancements of things to come under the Defense Research and Development Organization.
  • The labs working in Bengaluru, Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata and Hyderabad will each seek after a key innovation important for building up the country’s up and coming age of guard frameworks.
  • There would be no reserve limitations for the new labs and the new pioneers appreciate indistinguishable regulatory and monetary forces from the chiefs of existing resistance labs

Indian Science Congress: 107th Edition to begin in Bengaluru

Part of: GS Prelims and GS II- Education

In News

  • 107th Indian Science Congress will be held from January 3 to 7, 2020 at University of Agricultural Sciences, Bengaluru.
  • The principle focal point of the current year’s congress will be on Rural Development through Science and Technology
  • Ranchers Congress: without precedent for the historical backdrop of ISC, a Farmers Science Congress is being held. It will cover topics running from ranchers development on incorporated horticulture and business for multiplying ranchers salary, environmental change, biodiversity, protection, agrarian misery and so forth.
  • Youngsters’ Science Congress: The point is to give an interesting chance to kids to see chosen extends and tune in, interface with prominent researchers and Nobel Laureates.
  • Coordinators have likewise taken “extraordinary consideration” to guarantee that ‘pseudo-logical’ articles or talks didn’t sneak in during this Congress.
  • Indian Science Congress Association is a chief logical association of India with a central station at Kolkata, West Bengal. The affiliation began in the year 1914 in Kolkata and it meets every year in the main seven day stretch of January.

Sugar production has fallen

Part of: GS Prelims and GS III- Economy

In News

  • The nation’s sugar generation has fallen pointedly by 30.22% to 7.79 million ton (MT) in the initial three months of the current showcasing year finishing September
  • Sugar creation has been pegged lower at 26 MT this year from 33.16 MT in 2018-19.
  • The normal sugar recuperation in Maharashtra has declined to 10% from 10.5% accomplished in the year-prior period because of loss of sucrose content in the flood-influenced sugarcane crop

Value Addition for Prelims

  • Cost of sugarcane is fixed by the inside/State, while the cost of sugar is advertise decided.
  • Reasonable and profitable value (FRP) is the base cost at which rate sugarcane is to be acquired by sugar plants from ranchers
  • The FRP is fixed by Union government based on suggestions of Commission at Agricultural Costs and Costs (CACP).
  • FRP guarantees edges to ranchers, independent of whether sugar factories create a benefit or not.
  • This will be consistently relevant everywhere throughout the nation. Other than FRP, a few states, for example, Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, UP and TN declare a State Advised Price, which is commonly higher than the FRP.



TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Role of civil services in a democracy

Indian Railway Management Service (IRMS): Trimming of the Railway Board, the powerful body that governs the Indian Railways

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 3rd January 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 3rd January 2020

SRC: Twitter


  • The Cabinet as of late affirmed cutting of the Railway Board, the incredible body that oversees the Indian Railways. From nine, the Board will presently have just five Members.
  • The Cabinet additionally chose to blend all focal assistance frameworks of Railways officials into a solitary Indian Railways Management Service (IRMS).

What does it mean?

  • Any qualified official could involve any post, including Board Member posts, independent of preparing and specialization since they will all have a place with IRMS.
  • The five individuals from the Board, other than a Chairman-cum-CEO, will currently be the Members Infrastructure, Finance, Rolling Stock, Track, and Operations and Business Development.

Present system:

  • The Indian Railways is represented by a pool of officials, among whom specialists are enlisted after the Indian Engineering Service Examination and government employees through the Civil Services Examination.
  • The government workers are in the Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS), Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS) and Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS). The specialists are in five specialized assistance frameworks — Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE), Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME), Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE), Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE) and the Indian Railway Stores Service (IRSS).
  • Until the 1950s, the Railway’s framework was controlled by officials from only three standards: Traffic, Civil Engineering, and Mechanical. Different streams developed as independent administrations after some time.

Why reforms?

  • The end between departmental competitions, which it says have been impeding development for a considerable length of time
  • Bibek Debroy board in 2015 have noticed that “departmentalism” is a significant issue in the framework and suggested converging of railroads.
  • A different test under the Union Public Service Commission is proposed to be established in 2021 to accept IRMS officials.

Why opposition?

  • The merger is informal and against set up standards since it proposes to blend two in a general sense disparate elements, with numerous aberrations.
  • Different investigations have noticed that designers join the Railways around the age of 22-23, while the government employees join when they are around 26, notwithstanding special cases. The age distinction begins to squeeze at the later phases of their vocations when higher-grade posts are less. There are a greater number of designers than government employees.
  • Dissenters are likewise saying that the merger is against the administration conditions which government employees pursue while picking another option in the event that they can’t make it to IAS.


  • This technique includes the introduction of officials of different administrations in a joined rundown, organized in relation to adding up to the quality of each assistance. The administration with the biggest number of officials will shape the base. At the highest point of the consolidated rundown, toppers of all administrations will be put in a request of their date of birth—those brought into the world before being relegated higher status. From there on, officials of different administrations will be introduced in the middle of the officials of the base assistance in the proportion of the number of officials in that administration opposite the number of officials in the base help

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think the restructuring of Indian railways impacts Indian civil services?
  • How do you think it impacts Employment?


TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary -Ministries and Departments of the Government

Chief of Defence Staff (CDS): The dual-hatted role


  • General Bipin Rawat took over as the first Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) on New Year’s Day, a new structure is being created in the Defence Ministry. 

The dual-hatted role:

  • The dual-hatted role refers to the two hats the CDS wears one of the permanent Chairman of the Chiefs of Staff Committee which has the three service chiefs as members and the other of the head of the newly created Department of Military Affairs (DMA) in the ministry. 
  • The former is a military role while the latter is a role in the government.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 3rd January 2020
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 3rd January 2020


The Army, the Navy and the Air Force — not departments of the ministry:

  • The Army, the Navy and the Air Force used to come under the Department of Defence so far, but will now fall under the ambit of DMA, and will have an appropriate mix of civilian and military officers at every level.
  • Attached offices are generally responsible for providing executive direction required in the implementation of policies laid down by the department to which they are attached, in this case now the DMA.


  • CDS acts the Principal Military Adviser to the Defence Minister only on tri-services matters. In fact, the three service chiefs will continue to advise the Defence Minister, as done so far, on matters exclusively concerning their respective services. 
  • CDS will not exercise any military command, including over the three service chiefs.
  • The service chiefs will be members of the Chiefs of Staff Committee, which will be headed by the CDS.


  • The Department of Defence — headed by the Defence Secretary — will be responsible for the “defence of India and every part thereof, including defence policy and preparation for defence and all such acts as may be conducive in times of war to its prosecution and after its termination to effective demobilisation”.

Connecting the dots:

  • Do you think CDS brings structural changes in the army?
  • What is the relationship between the new four-star general and the ministry?


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) Consider the following statements about DRDO Young Defence Laboratories

  1. These are led by under-35 directors and young military scientists
  2. The aim is to drive the country’s war technologies of the future under the Defence Research & Development Organisation.

Which of the above statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.2) Consider the following statements about Fair and remunerative price (FRP)

  1. FRP is fixed by the Union government on the basis of recommendations of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices.
  2. This will be uniformly applicable only in the sugar-producing states which are Punjab, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.3) Consider the following statements about the National Social Assistance Programme (NSAP)

  1. NSAP is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Government of India that provides financial assistance to the elderly, widows and persons with disabilities in the form of social pensions
  2. It represents a significant step towards the fulfilment of the Directive Principles in Article 41 of the Constitution

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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