IAS Coaching Current Affairs and News Analysis (12-11-2019)

Highlights |IAS Current Affairs 12-11-2019

Current Affairs and News (12-11-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • IIP shrinks by 4.3% to lowest in 8 years
  • Radio channel to guide farmers on climate change
  • SurangaBawadi
  • Anaemia
  • New National Water Policy (NWP)
  • Capacity-building programme for Afghan diplomats
  • Kalapani issue
  • H-1B, H-4 visas

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IAS Current Affairs and News Analysis (12-11-2019)

IIP shrinks by 4.3% to lowest in 8 years

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III – Economy

In News

  • Modern action in September contracted forcefully by 4.3%, driven by significant constrictions in the capital products (20.7%), mining(8.5%), and fabricating sectors(3.8%).
  • This is the first run through after November 2012 that each of the three wide based parts have contracted and the most minimal month to month development in the 2011-12 base year arrangement
  • While the lull is broadbased, including FMCG utilization request, the biggest donor was mining, the proximate explanation being the abundance rains this year in the coal and mineral mining belts
  • India’s center division yield contracted 5.2% in September, posting its most exceedingly terrible exhibition in 14 years.
  • The Indian economy might be directly confronting a basic development stoppage beginning from declining family unit investment funds rate and low agrarian development

About IIP

  • IIP is a composite marker estimating changes in the volume of creation of a bin of mechanical items over some stretch of time, concerning a picked base period.
  • The base year utilized for IIP counts is 2011-12It is gathered and distributed on a month to month premise by the Central Statistical Office with a period slack of about a month and a half from the reference month.
  • Coal, Crude Oil, Natural Gas, Refinery Product, Steel, Cement and Electricity are known as Core Industries. The eight Core Industries involve almost 37.9 % of the heaviness of things remembered for the Index of Industrial Production (IIP).

Do You Know?

  • The RBI has cut loan costs by a combined 135 premise focuses this year and will survey money related strategy ahead of schedule one month from now (December 5)
  • Moody’s Investor Service brought down its attitude toward India’s sovereign rating (Baa2) to negative from stable, saying that the residential financial downturn could be auxiliary, instead of repetitive, inferring that more strategy changes were required so as to resuscitate development.
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 12th November 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 12th November 2019

Radio channel to guide farmers on climate change

Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III –Environment Conservation0

In News

  • The Maharashtra State Commission at Agricultural Costs and Costs is wanting to begin a committed network radio channel to educate ranchers about environmental change and help settle their issues.
  • The radio broadcast will be based at Lodaga town in Latur area
  • Environmental change is a significant issue for the agribusiness area in Maharashtra just as in the nation. Maharashtra has encountered a grouchy atmosphere in recent months, where it saw overwhelming storm rains in Satara and Sangli and the post-rainstorm showers harmed crops in Marathwada district.
  • To address the issues of cultivators, the commission will shape a council of five to six individuals, containing specialists from KrishiVigyan Kendras, the State agribusiness division and privately owned businesses working in the field of farming and innovation.

KrsihiVigyan Kendra (KVK) 

  • They are rural expansion focuses made by ICAR (Indian Council for Agricultural Research) and its partnered establishments at region level to give different sorts of homestead backing to the horticultural segment.
  • The first KVK was set up during 1974 (Pondichery) .
  • The command of KVK is Technology Assessment and Demonstration for its Application and Capacity Development of ranchers.
  • KVK would create quality mechanical items (seed, planting material, bio-operators, domesticated animals) and make it accessible to ranchers, compose cutting edge augmentation exercises, distinguish and archive chosen ranch advancements and meet with progressing plans and projects, to improve rural efficiency.

Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) 

  • It is a self-sufficient association under Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare , Government of India.
  • Once in the past known as Imperial Council of Agricultural Research, it was built up on 16 July 1929 as an enlisted society under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in compatibility of the report of the Royal Commission on Agriculture.
  • The ICAR has its central command at New Delhi.
  • The Council is the peak body for co-ordinating, directing and overseeing exploration and instruction in agribusiness including agriculture, fisheries and creature sciences in the whole nation.


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I – Ancient History

In News

  • SurangaBawadi, an indispensable piece of the antiquated Karez arrangement of providing water through underground passages worked during AdilShahi time in Vijayapura (Karnataka) is presently set to get subsidizing for reclamation
  • The landmark has been chosen under the “Antiquated Water System of the Deccan Plateau” by the World Monuments Fund (New York based NGO), which screens rebuilding of old landmarks over the globe
  • With this, the SurangaBawadi is relied upon to get assets for reclamation inside the following two years. The NGO would likewise organize with the specialists worried for rebuilding and make mindfulness on its significance.
  • Despite the fact that the Karez framework was worked in the sixteenth century by Ali Adil Shah–I, his successor, Ibrahim Adil Shah–II, acquired a few changes by adding more structures to fortify it.
  • As per students of history, the AdilShahis fabricated the superb underground framework to supply water to the city, which had a populace of about 12 lakh at that point.


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II – Health

In News

  • Iron deficiency among men in India is a significant general medical issue with State-level predominance in men shifting from 9.2% in Manipur to 32.9% in Bihar
  • Frailty a condition where there is a lack of red cells or of hemoglobin in the blood. This prompts diminished oxygen stream to the body’s organs.Symptoms may incorporate weariness, skin whiteness, brevity of breath, dazedness, unsteadiness or a quick heartbeat
  • This discovering were uncovered in an examination titled ‘Paleness among men in India: A broadly delegate cross-sectional investigation’ distributed in Lancet Global Health.
  • The investigation is intended to decide the national predominance of paleness among men in India; variety in commonness of weakness crosswise over States by socio-statistic attributes; regardless of whether these topographical and socio-statistic varieties are like that among ladies and so forth.
  • The investigation will educate whether iron deficiency decrease endeavors for men ought to be combined with existing endeavors for ladies.
  • An expected 21.7% of men with any level of paleness had moderate or extreme iron deficiency contrasted and 53.2% of ladies with any frailty.


  • It is a blood issue in which the body makes an irregular structure or insufficient measure of hemoglobin.
  • Thalassemia is brought about by changes in the DNA of cells that make hemoglobin — the substance in your red platelets that conveys oxygen all through your body. The transformations related with thalassemia are passed from guardians to kids.
  • This causes frailty. With pallor, the blood needs more red platelets to convey oxygen to your tissues — leaving the individual exhausted.

New National Water Policy (NWP)

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains II –Polity & Governance

In News

  • The Union Water Resources Ministry has finished an advisory group to draft another National Water Policy (NWP).
  • The 10-part panel will be led by Mihir Shah, who is a previous Planning Commission part and a water master
  • The panel is required to deliver a report inside a half year.
  • The board will prescribe measures to roll out key improvements in water administration structure and administrative system.
  • A National Bureau of Water Use Efficiencywas mooted during exchange organize.
  • The NWP as of now in power was drafted in 2012.
  • A portion of the key arrangements of NWP 2012 are
  • The idea of an Integrated Water Resources Management approach that took the “waterway bowl/sub-bowl” as a unit for arranging, improvement and the board of water assets.
  • It additionally suggested that a part of stream streams should be kept aside to address biological issues.
  • Such a methodology prompted the administration, in 2018, requiring least water levels to be kept up in the Ganga all during that time and hydropower activities to cease from accumulating water past a point.
  • The approach additionally worried for a base amount of consumable water for fundamental wellbeing and cleanliness to every one of its residents to be made accessible inside simple reach of family units.

Capacity-building programme for Afghan diplomats

Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains III – International Relations

In News

  • Indian and Chinese authorities started a course to prepare ambassadors from Afghanistan at the Foreign Service Institute (FSI), New Delhi run by the External Affairs Ministry.
  • The fourteen day concentrated program is intended to give the meeting Afghan negotiators introduction to Indian discretionary practices and customs.
  • FSI and the China Foreign Affairs University (CFAU) were gatherings to a BRICS-level MoU to prepare negotiators
  • The joint preparing of Afghan negotiators is a piece of the result of the Wuhan Summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Chinese President Xi Jinping.
  • As needs be, the main joint preparing program was held from October 15 to 26 out of 2018.
  • 179 Afghan representatives had been prepared at the FSI till date, the biggest number of ambassadors to be prepared from any nation at the foundation.



TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • India and its neighbourhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

Kalapani issue


  • India has vexed Nepal after another guide it discharged a week ago indicated the contested Kalapani zone as a piece of Uttarakhand.
  • Reacting to Nepal’s announcement, India’s Ministry of External Affairs, stated, “Our guide precisely delineates the sovereign region of India. The new guide has in no way overhauled our limit with Nepal. The limit depiction practice with Nepal is progressing under the current instrument.”

India – Nepal borders:

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 12th November 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 12th November 2019

  • India imparts fringes to China, Nepal, Burma (Myanmar), Pakistan, Bangladesh and Bhutan.
  • Indian expresses that offer fringe with Nepal are Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Sikkim, West Bengal and Bihar.
  • Uttar Pradesh shares the longest universal fringe with Nepal.

About Kalapani:

Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 11th November 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 11th November 2019

  • Kalapani is a domain contested among India and Nepal, however under Indian organization as a component of Pithoragarh locale in the Uttarakhand state.
  • It is set apart by the Kalapani waterway, one of the headwaters of the Kali River in the Himalayas at an elevation of 3600 meters.
  • The Great Sage Vyasa reflected at this spot
  • Guaranteed by Nepal as a major aspect of Darchula District,Kalapani is constrained by India’s Indo-Tibetan Border Police since the 1962 outskirt war with China.

Indian claim:

  • The 1816 Treaty of Segauli, marked between British India and Nepal, characterized waterway Mahakali as the western outskirt of Nepal.
  • Waterway Mahakali has a few tributaries, all of which converge at Kalapani.
  • India asserts that the waterway starts in Kalapani as this is the place every one of its tributaries combine.
  • The Indian side battles that waterway Mahakali starts where Lipu Gad meets the Kalapani springs
  • India has introduced regulatory and charge records going back to the 1830s.
  • As per these records from that point forward Kalapani was a piece of the Pithoragarh locale.
  • India has likewise demonstrated overviews of the upper ranges of stream Mahakali led by the British Indian government during the 1870s,which indicated Kalapani as a piece of A british Indian area.

Nepal claim:

  • Nepal guarantees that Mahakali starts from Lipu Lekh Pass, the root of the vast majority of its tributaries
  • Nepal has introduced comparative maps from 1850 and 1856, demonstrating that waterway Mahakali starts in Kalapani.
  • Nepali specialists guarantee that individuals living in the low-thickness zone were remembered for the Census of Nepal until 58 years prior.
  • A board framed by the Nepal government to examine this case presented a report to Prime Minister Oli during his first residency. It guaranteed that India had “involved” an extra 62 sq km land.


  • Nepalese government had to take up the issue given the weight from rising Nepali patriotism.
  • The two nations had shaped the Joint Technical Boundary Committee in 1981 to determine the question.
  • In spite of the fact that the advisory group figured out how to determine an enormous piece of the question, they neglected to arrive at a last settlement
  • It rose as a hostile issue among India and Nepal after the two nations marked the Treaty of Mahakali in 1996.
  • The Prime Ministers of the two nations talked about the issue in 2000, with Atal Bihari Vajpayee guaranteeing Nepal that India would not possess even an inch of Nepal.


  • Aside from Kalapani, another uncertain issue includes a huge region along the Nepal-Uttar Pradesh outskirt.
  • During his visit to Nepal in 2014, Prime Minister Modi had said that the Susta and Kalapani issues would be sifted through.

Connecting the dots:

  • Sensitive issues such as border need to be handled carefully and India has to be mindful of Nepal’s concerns. Analyse


TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

H-1B, H-4 visas


  • A United States court decided that a gathering of American-conceived tech laborers have confronted uplifted occupation rivalry from work authorisations given to the life partners of H-1B visa holders(H-4).
  • The judges gave Indian laborers living in the US momentary breathing room by leaving a ultimate choice of the progressing claim up to a lower court.

Law suit:

  • The “Spare Jobs USA” suit was initially documented in 2015 by two IT laborers and one frameworks investigator against the US Department of Homeland Security.
  • Their affirmations expressed that they worked for over 15 years at Southern California Edison until they were terminated and supplanted by H-1B visa holders.
  • The suit contended that the H-4 work authorisation abuses migration law and surpasses Homeland Security’s power.
  • Country Security kept up that the harm done to the offended parties was because of the H-1B program, not the work authorisation given to the companions.
  • They contended that there was no immediate challenge between the tech laborers and the H-4 visa holders.


  • The judges disagreed with Homeland Security that the H-4 work authorisation is also not at fault

H-1B visa:

  • The H-1B is a visa in the United States under the Immigration and Nationality Act
  • Permits U.S. managers to incidentally utilize outside laborers in claim to fame occupations.
  • A claim to fame occupation requires the utilization of particular information and a four year college education or what might be compared to work understanding.
  • The length of stay is three years, extendable to six years
  • Laws limit the quantity of H-1B visas gave every year: 85000
  • Businesses should by and large retain Social Security and Medicare charges from the wages paid to workers in H-1B status.

H-4 visa:

  • A H-4 visa is a visa given by the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to close relatives of the H-1B visa holders.
  • These visas are generally given at the neighborhood US office abroad.
  • Branch of Homeland Security (DHS) revised the guidelines to permit these H-4 ward life partners to acknowledge work in the United States.
  • H-4 ward life partners are additionally qualified to get government disability numbers•(Barack Obama-time 2015)

India and H1- B visa:

  • Since the law was organized, an aggregate of 1,20,514 H-4 visas have been in all actuality, of which 1,10,649 have originated from India.
  • Out of the 90,946 that were at first endorsed, 84,935 were for ladies.
  • Out of the 4,19,637 H-1B applications in 2018, 74% originated from India. (most from IT)
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 12th November 2019
Daily Current Affairs IAS | UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam – 12th November 2019

H-1B visa in trump administration:

  • Higher H-1B dissents, under the official request “Purchase American and Hire American”.
  • H-4 visas gave at a much lower rate, with introductory endorsements dunking from 31,017 of every 2016 to 27, 6,800 of every 2019.
  • Indian redistributing corporates, for example, Tata, Infosys, and Wipro confronted refusal paces of 28%-46% from 2015-19.
  • U S-based organizations, for example, Ernst and Young, Deloitte, and Cognizant saw 18%-52% dismissal rates
  • Enormous Tech organizations like Apple, Google and Facebook confronted little change in H-1B visa.

Connecting the dots:

  • Trump organization needs to make it progressively hard for knowledgeable remote nationals to work in America in science and building fields and it will negatively affect India as well. Substantiate


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) SurangaBawadi system of water management found in Northern Karnatakawas built during which ruler’s period?

  1. Rashtrakutas
  2. Kakatiyas
  3. AdilShahis
  4. Chalukyas

Q.2) Which of the following are the focus areas of research of ICAR?

  1. Genetic potential enhancement of agricultural commodities.
  2. Agricultural productivity, efficiency and profitability improvement.
  3. Improve Nutritional food, and health security.
  4. Bio-security emerging from gene piracy and cross-border vector borne diseases.

Select the correct answer from codes given below

  1. 1,2 and 3 Only
  2. 2,3 and 4Only
  3. 1,3 and 4 Only
  4. 1,2,3 and 4

Q.3) Index of Industrial Production is released by which body/ministry?

  1. Central Statistical Organisation
  2. Ministry of Commerce and Industry
  3. NITI Aayog
  4. None of the above

Q.4) Consider the following statementsabout KrishiVigyan Kendra (KVK)

  1. They are agricultural extension centres created by erstwhile Planning Commission
  2. The mandate of KVK is Technology Assessment and Demonstration for its Application and Capacity Development of famers.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Consider the following statements about National Water Policy 2012

  1. Major innovation of this policy was the concept of an Integrated Water Resources Management approach that took the “river basin/ sub-basin” as a unit for planning, development and management of water resources.
  2. It proposed that a portion of river flows ought to be kept aside to meet ecological needs.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in the comment section)

Q.1) NH 766 often seen in news passes through which of the following States of India?

  1. Assam and Arunachal Pradesh
  2. Gujarat and Maharashtra
  3. Karnataka and Kerala
  4. None of the above

Q.2) Consider the following statements about National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd.(NAFED), 

  1. It was established during the 1991 economic reform period so as to give impetus to agriculture production and marketing.
  2. It functions under Ministry of Agriculture.
  3. It is now one of the largest procurement as well as marketing agencies for agricultural products in India.  

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 and 2 Only
  2. 2 and 3 Only
  3. 1 and 3 Only
  4. 1,2 and 3

Q.3) SAMUDRA SHAKTI is a bilateral naval exercise between India and ___________

  1. Malaysia
  2. Indonesia
  3. Mauritius 
  4. Sri Lanka

Q.4) Consider the following statements

  1. India’s Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) has seen a decline from 130 per 1 lakh live births in 2014-2016 to 122 per 1 lakh live births in 2015-2017.
  2. The progress puts the country on track towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of an MMR below 70 by 2030.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Consider the following statements about Dhrupad

  1. It is a genre in Carnatic classical music.
  2. The nature of Dhrupad music is spiritual and does not seek to entertain, but to induce feelings of peace and spirituality in the listener

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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