IAS Coaching Current Affairs and News Analysis (01-11-2019)

ias coaching current affair 01-11-2019

Highlights |IAS Current Affairs 01-11-2019

Current Affairs and News (01-11-2019)- The following article contains all the updated events and news for IAS Preparation. Our daily IAS Current Affairs and News cover the most important topics to give precise information to the reader and IAS Aspirants.

  • Pegaus
  • Bamboo Technology Parks
  • Cyclone Maha
  • UNESCO Creative City
  • Dharma Guardian-2019
  • MPs grill officials on DNA Bill
  • Merger of  BSNL and MTNL
  • Rashtriya Ekta Diwas

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IAS Current Affairs and News Analysis (01-11-2019)


Part of: GS Prelims and GS-III- Cyber Security

In News

  • It has been accounted for that the famous informing stage WhatsApp was utilized to keep an eye on writers and human rights activists in India prior this year.
  • The observation was completed utilizing an Israeli spyware apparatus called Pegasus.
  • The vast majority of those focused in India were columnists, Dalit and human rights activists and legal counselors.
  • It has been created by the Israeli cyberarms firm, NSO Group. The NSO Group is a Tel Aviv-based digital security organization that represents considerable authority in “reconnaissance innovation” and cases to support governments and law implementation offices over the world battle wrongdoing and fear based oppression.
  • How does Pegasus go to your telephone?
  • The code is transmitted by means of WhatsApp call. The code enters the telephone regardless of whether the call isn’t replied.
  • What does it do?
  • It sends the objectives contacts, calls and messages to its controller. It can likewise transform the telephone into a covert operative gadget by turning on the camera or mouthpiece.


Part of: GS Prelims and GS Mains I – Geography

In News

  • Association Ministry of Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER) reported that Bamboo Technology Parks would be set up in the two new Union Territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh.
  • The Cane and Bamboo Technology Center (CBTC) under North Eastern Council (NEC) will execute the undertaking.
  • the model for bamboo development, collecting and usage at present existing in the North Eastern Region will be reproduced in the two new Union Territories to give a fillip to the segment.
  • The venture for setting up three new Bamboo Technology Parks in Jammu, Srinagar and Leh would be in consonance with the National Bamboo Mission (NBM).
  • A Bamboo Industrial Park has just been endorsed to be set up in the Dima Hasao area of Assam.

Cyclone Maha

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-I – Geography

In News

  • The Lakshadweep Islands and, to a generally lesser degree, the seaside areas of Kerala endured the worst part of Cyclone Maha, which keeps on cutting an irate swathe over the Arabian Sea.
  • The downturn that had created in the Comorin Sea escalated into a cyclonic tempest and will move along India’s western coast without making landfall.
  • IMD has prompted anglers not to wander out toward the southeast and the east-focal Arabian Sea during the period
  • This is one of the uncommon events when there were two consecutive tornados in the Arabian Sea.
  • Kyarr which was the most grounded violent wind in the Arabian Sea in 12 years debilitated into a “serious cyclonic tempest” as it proceeds with its development towards the Oman coast.

Do you Know?

  • Kanyakumari was called Cape Comorin during British principle in India.
  • Comorin is a ‘rough terrain’ on the Indian Ocean in the State of Tamil Nadu and situated at the Southern Most tip of the Indian Subcontinent. Many call it KOODAL meaning it is arranged at the Confluence of three seas Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean.

UNESCO Creative City

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – International Affairs

In News

  • Two Indian urban areas has now been formally assigned as an Unesco Creative City–Hyderabad in Gastronomy classification, Mumbai in Film classification.
  • It is among the 66 new urban communities named by the Unesco in the rundown of new Creative Cities, which targets driving the Sustainable Development Goals through imaginative reasoning and activity.
  • The assignment of Hyderabad in the innovative urban areas’ rundown would bring new chances and turn the emphasis on the city’s rich culinary legacy and convention.
  • The business utilizes 12% of the Hyderabad city’s populace either legitimately or by implication.

UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)

  • UCCN was made in 2004 to advance participation with and among urban areas that have recognized innovativeness as a key factor for manageable urban improvement.
  • The 180 urban communities which right now make up this system cooperate towards a typical goal: setting inventiveness and social businesses at the core of their improvement plans at the neighborhood level and coordinating effectively at the global level.

National Health Profile (NHP) 2019

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Health 

In News

  • NHP is a yearly production of the Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI)
  • The NHP covers statistic, financial, wellbeing status and wellbeing fund markers, HR in the wellbeing division and wellbeing foundation. It is additionally a significant wellspring of data on different transmittable and non-transferable maladies that are not secured under some other significant projects.
  • A portion of the key discoveries of the report are:
    • Sex proportion (number of females per 1,000 guys) in the nation has improved from 933 of every 2001 to 943 out of 2011.
    • In country zones the sex proportion has expanded from 946 to 949.
    • The relating increment in urban zones has been of 29 points from 900 to 929.
    • Kerala has recorded the most noteworthy sex proportion in regard of absolute populace (1,084), provincial populace (1,078) and urban (1,091). The most reduced sex proportion in country territories has been recorded in Chandigarh (690)
    • The assessed birth rate diminished from 25.8 in 2000 to 20.4 in 2016 while the passing rate declined from 8.5 to 6.4 per 1,000 populaces over a similar period.
    • The all out fruitfulness rate (normal number of youngsters that will be destined to a lady during her lifetime) in 12 States has fallen beneath two kids for each lady and nine States have arrived at substitution levels of 2.1 or more.
    • The all out number of enrolled allopathic specialists (up to 2018) is 11,54,686. Number of dental specialists enlisted with Central/State Dental Councils of India was 2,54,283.

About Central Bureau of Health Intelligence (CBHI)

  • CBHI is the National Nodal office for Health Intelligence in the Directorate General of Health Services (Dte.GHS), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, and Government of India.
  • CBHI is resolved to construct a coordinated wellbeing informatics stage which can give dependable, precise, and pertinent national wellbeing data and empower proof based arrangement detailing and basic leadership.

Dharma Guardian-2019

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-III – Security

In News

  • The second release of the reciprocal yearly military exercise ‘Dharma Guardian-2019’ among Indian and Japanese Army finished on October 31 at the Counter Insurgency and Jungle Warfare School (CIJWS) at Vairengte in Mizoram.
  • The essential focal point of the activity was to prepare and prepare the contingents in counter-insurrection and counter-psychological warfare tasks in bumpy landscape
  • As a major aspect of the activity, talks, exhibits and bores identified with counter-revolt and counter-fear based oppression tasks were directed
  • Other than cultivating shared comprehension and trust, the joint exercise marks reaffirmation of India and Japan to further support respective security and protection participation

MPs grill officials on DNA Bill

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains GS-II – Health 

In News

  • A parliamentary board headed by MP Jairam Ramesh started hearing the antagonistic DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2019 with individuals flame broiling authorities from the Department of Biotechnology on scope for infringement of security in the proposed DNA information bank.
  • The Bill looks to make a national information bank, and territorial information banks which will have DNA tests of undertrials, suspects, missing people and obscure expired people.
  • It has proposed DNA testing and profiling of residents blamed for wrongdoing or revealed missing, and putting away their exceptional hereditary data for regulatory purposes.



TOPIC: General Studies 2:

  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation 

Merger of  BSNL and MTNL


  • The administration chose to consolidate BSNL and MTNL
  • So as to restore misfortune making telecom PSUs BSNL and MTNL
  • Recovery bundle incorporates raising sovereign securities, monetising resources and intentional retirement conspire (VRS) for workers, MTNL will be converged with BSNL.
  • Government needs to make the two state-possessed telecom organizations increasingly aggressive by placing in Rs 29,937 crore.

Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited (BSNL):

  • State-possessed broadcast communications organization headquartered in New Delhi.
  • Consolidated on 1 October 2000
  • BSNL is the fourth biggest portable communication supplier in India
  • BSNL is India’s most established correspondence specialist co-op and its history can be followed back to the British period.
  • After the bifurcation of post and Telegraph division in 1980s, the production of Department of Telecom by 1990s in the long run prompted the development of the State possessed transmit and phone organization BSNL.
  • BSNL shut down broadcast benefits on 15 July 2013.

Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL):

  • MTNL is a state-claimed broadcast communications specialist co-op in the metro urban areas of Mumbai and New Delhi in India and in Mauritius in Africa.
  • The organization had an imposing business model in Mumbai and New Delhi until 1992
  • “Straightforwardness makes us unique” is the aphorism of the organization
  • The Government of India as of now holds 57% stock in the organization
  • The organization’s offers are recorded on Bombay Stock Exchange, London Stock Exchange and New York Stock Exchange.
  • As of January 2019, it has 6.71 million endorsers

Revival reasons:

  • Telecom part is confronting money related worry because of hardened challenge and decrease in duties.
  • The challenge in the portable section, high worker expenses and nonappearance of 4G benefits in the information driven telecom market has dissolved the aggressive quality of BSNL and MTNL.

Financial position of BSNL & MTNL:

  • Misfortunes consistently since 2009-10.
  • BSNL has 1.65 lakh workers crosswise over India, and MTNL has 22,000.
  • BSNL’s temporary misfortune was Rs 4,859 crore in 2015-16, Rs 4,793 crore in 2016-17, Rs 7,993 crore in 2017-18.
  • The misfortune is evaluated to develop to Rs 14,202 crore in 2018-19.

Way forward:

  • The Cabinet proposition makes room for the authoritative allocation of range for 4G administrations to BSNL and MTNL, to empower them to give broadband and other information administrations.
  • The telecom organizations will have the option to convey 4G benefits and contend in the market.

Connecting the dots:

  • Will merging BSNL and MTNL pull the two companies out of their problems? Analyse.


TOPIC: General Studies 1:

  • The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

Rashtriya Ekta Diwas


  • To check the birth commemoration of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, National Unity Day will be commended on 31st October
  • The official explanation for Rashtriya Ekta Diwas by the Home Ministry refers to “will give a chance to re-insist the inalienable quality and flexibility of our country to withstand the genuine and potential dangers to the solidarity, trustworthiness and security of our nation”

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel:

  • Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel conceived on 31 October 1875
  • Filled in as the principal Deputy Prime Minister of India.
  • Senior pioneer of the Indian National Congress
  • Composed laborers from Kheda, Borsad, and Bardoli in Gujarat in peaceful common defiance
  • Establishing father of the Republic of India
  • Assumed a main job in the nation’s battle for freedom
  • He was named as the 49th President of Indian National Congress,
  • Advanced the Quit India Movement.
  • He went about as Home Minister during the political coordination of India and the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947
  • As the principal Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India, Patel sorted out aid projects for evacuees escaping to Punjab and Delhi from Pakistan and attempted to reestablish harmony.
  • Patel convinced pretty much every royal state to agree to India.
  • His promise to national incorporation in the recently free nation was absolute and inflexible, procuring him the sobriquet “Iron Man of India”.
  • He is additionally recognized as the “benefactor holy person of India’s government workers” for having set up the cutting edge all-India administrations framework.
  • He is likewise called the “Unifier of India”.
  • The Statue of Unity, the world’s tallest statue, was devoted to him on 31 October 2018 which is roughly 182 meters (597 ft) in tallness in Gujarat

India without sardar:

  • Subcontinent would be isolated into two areas, one section a just India encompassed by the other part—near 560 littler states managed by rulers and their relatives.
  • Half of the Indians would live under a popularity based set-up with opportunities and the rest living under some government.
  • The guideline of Unity, Liberty, Equality revered in the Constitution would exist in one section and not in the other.
  • There would be confinements on voyaging and moving merchandise starting with one section then onto the next.
  • one some portion of India would be administered by the thoughts of Justice and Liberty, while the other would have endure without these thoughts.
  • Confusion and political agitation would have pursued, and the possibility of India would have fizzled at the very beginning of its voyage.

More about Sardar:

  • He was totally vested in the possibility of India, and every one of his endeavors were at first centered around the achievement of its autonomy.
  • When that had been accomplished, he perseveringly pursued joining together and coordinating the country when it was experiencing parcel, communalisation and the displaced person emergency.
  • He was resolved to submit himself towards building one India by joining 562 royal states (establishing 48% of zone).


  • Patel’s concept of solidarity was deficient.
  • He may have made a unified India, however this India stays loaded with inconsistencies and imbalances, both social and monetary.
  • Politically, we might be equivalent and joined together, yet socially and monetarily we are most certainly not.

Connecting the dots:

  • The resilient man of India who made Idea of India potential was Sardar Patel—’the Bismarck and designer of present day India’. Substantiate


Model questions: (You can now post your answers in comment section)

Q.1) Dharma Guardian is military exercise conducted between India and which other country?

  1. USA
  2. Srilanka
  3. Japan
  4. None of the above

Q.2) National Health Profile is released which body/organisation?

  1. NITI Aayog
  2. WHO in collaboration with Ministry of Statistics & Programme implementation
  3. Central Bureau of Health Intelligence 
  4. None of the above

Q.3) Consider the following statementsabout the proposed DNA Technology

  1. The Bill seeks to create a national data bank, and regional data banks which will have DNA samples of undertrials, suspects, missing persons and unknown deceased persons. 
  2. It has proposed DNA sampling and profiling of citizens accused of crime or reported missing, and storing their unique genetic information for administrative purposes

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.4) Consider the following statements about UNESCO Creative Cities Network (UCCN)

  1. UCCN was created in 2004 to promote cooperation with and among cities that have identified creativity as a strategic factor for sustainable urban development
  2. Hyderabad and Bengaluru has now been officially designated as a UNESCO Creative City

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

Q.5) Consider the following statements about Kanyakumari

  1. It was called Cape Comorin during British rule in India. 
  2. Many also call it as Koodal as it is situated at the confluence of three oceans Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea and Indian Ocean.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  1. 1 only
  2. 2 only
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

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