In a massive setback to all education institutions and their stakeholders in the country, the leading establishments have further downgraded as they fared poorly in the World University Rankings 2018. In the global list of 1000 educational institutions topped by Oxford and Cambridge, the number of higher Indian education institutions has marginally fallen from 31 to 30, according to the new assessment. One of the biggest reasons for the continual abysmal performances is the relative drop in research influence score and research income.
Director of Global Ranking Adds
Phil Baty, Editorial Director of Global Rankings, Times Higher Education said, ” Amid the increasing global competition It is disappointing to see that India has further declined in the the World University Rankings.” He further added, “As the India’s flagship Indian Institute of Science moves further away from the elite top 200, other Asian territories such as Singapore, China and Hong Kong are consistently rising up the rankings of their leading universities due to the high and sustained levels of funding.” He also pointed out that Indian institutes were lagging behind on the internationalisation front. “Government policy strictly limits the number of students from abroad who can study in India and prevents international scholars from being hired into long-term faculty positions,” THE said in an email sent on Tuesday.
The Indian Scenario
The sole silver lining this year is the The Indian Institute of Science (IISc). It is the highest ranked institute from the country, though even it had slipped from the 201-250 band to the 251-300 one. Furthermore, IIT Delhi and IIT Kanpur, which were among the best Indian institutions toppled down to the 501-600 band from their last year’s position of 401- 500 club. IIT Bombay is still in the 351-400 band, IIT Kharagpur and IIT Roorkee also retained their positions in the 501-600 bracket.
Times’ World University Ranking: No Indian institute in top 200
University of Oxford retains first place
Indian institutes continue to perform poorly in global university rankings. The Indian Institute of Science (IISc) Bangalore slid in the Times Higher Education (THE) World University Rankings 2018.
Though IISc remained at top in India, it was placed in the 251-300 groupings of the best universities. IISc was in 201-250 cohort of the previous edition of the ranking. IISc, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur and IIT Kharagpur were the top five Indian schools in the 2018 rankings.
As per the ranking survey, IISc slid largely due to drops in its research influence score and research income. While the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay continues to be in the 351-400 band, IIT Delhi and IIT Kanpur have dropped by one grouping—from 401-500 to 501-600.
“It is disappointing that India has declined in world rankings amid increasing global competition,” said Phil Baty, editorial director of global rankings of THE.
WHY INDIA FAILED
Indian universities performed poorly on internationalisation which measures how successful a school is in attracting foreign students and staff. This is a traditional shortcoming of Indian institutions. “Government policy strictly limits the number of students from abroad who can study in India. This prevents international scholars from being hired into long-term faculty positions,” THE said in an email.
TOP GLOBAL RANKS
Globally, the University of Oxford retains first place in the rankings, followed by Cambridge, which overtook California Institute of Technology and Stanford University, who came in at a joint third. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) completes the top five chart.
Overall, 1,000 universities from 77 countries were ranked by the THE. The US continued to be the top country in terms of the number of universities in the top 200.
Meet Mechanical Engineering: The Hottest pick in BTech that Computer Science is losing out to
As the industries across the world fluctuate along with global influences, the latest of such ups and downs in the field of Engineering is with Mechanical Industries and those based on Computer Sciences. Subsequently, similar effects can be felt in academics, with more and more students opting for ME than computer sciences. The trend seems to changing fast, Engineering is being revisited. Pipping Electronics and Communications has led to a surge in applications for mechanical branches in colleges all over the country, and that its poised to overtake an uncertain IT and software industry.
What to the Experts Say
Experts believe that while engineering courses continue to be a big draw for students in this part of the world, its 70-odd options undergo a life cycle of their own. According to research, the decision to pick out a particular course taken students and faculties alike is based on the the enterprise boom that’s translated by the availability of greater jobs and higher earning.
Many experts believe that the sun is setting at the computer sciences and technology engineering stream. As per the statistics, 25.44% of all college students opted for computer branches in 2013-14, while around 24% selected the stream this year. Numbers for Mechanical Engineering are rising, 21.6% students for this year as compared to 20.22% for the year 2013-14.
The AICTE Data
Even though the seat intake for engineering is on the decline (from 16.3 lakh in 2013-14 to about 14.7 lakh this 12 months), experts feel the course will continue to have lakhs of takers. IIT-Madras director Bhaskar Ramamurthy added: “Due to uncertainty in IT, students are opting for mechanical – because mechanical students can join IT companies, though the reverse is not possible.” VC of Chemical Technology Institute, GD Yadav added: “There is so much new construction, new infrastructure, machinery and mechanical engineers are needed everywhere.”
Engineers are 50% of those who crack UPSC: Centre
Nearly half of those who crack the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) civil services examination are engineering graduates. And a large number of them do so by opting for subjects like public administration and sociology. This was informed by the union minister Jitendra Singh.
MINISTER’S STATEMENT TO PARLIAMENT
He was replying to the question hour in Rajya Sabha. Jitendra Singh also said that among the 20 toppers this year, 19 were engineers and one was a doctor. Highlighting more, he said not even 10 per cent of the doctors opt for medical science as their option. Doctors and engineers choose optional subjects different than what they have studied, for the civil services exam.
He was replying to supplementaries. This after Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) member Subramanian Swamy asked whether the government had received representations to include Ayurveda as an optional subject for civil services examination.
In his written reply, the minister of state for personnel, public grievances and pensions said the issue was under examination by the government. He also said that there are 48 optional subjects for the examination. To support his statement Singh further said that Ayurveda not being an optional did not mean that Ayush graduates could not appear for the examination.
MAIN EXAMS’ DETAILS
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) had declared the result of the civil services preliminary exam in June. The main exam is scheduled to be held on October 2017. The papers will be conducted over a week’s time starting from 28 October to 3 November. Close to 14000 candidates have qualified the civil services preliminary exam.
Candidates must fill the detailed application form (DAF) for the main examination on the UPSC website. Candidates are advised to carefully read the guidelines for filling DAF form, since no changes can be made after final submission
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